What is hepatitis B?
Hepatitis B or HBV is a viral infection that, by affecting the liver, leads to acute or chronic liver disease, and thus potentially threatens the life of the individual. Hepatitis B virus is a small DNA virus that has an unusual appearance, similar to retroviruses like HIV. The virus can survive in the infected cells and thus can multiply and cause a chronic disease. In fact, the risk of hepatitis B disease is that it can lead to a wide range of liver diseases such as cirrhosis and liver cancer.
About 300 million people worldwide are currently infected with hepatitis B virus. In 2015, around 887,000 people died from the disease. What's worrying about the disease is that hepatitis B is 50 to 100 times more infectious than HIV, and worse, both of these infections are roughly the same. The disease is transmitted through infected blood, and the bad thing is that the hepatitis B virus can survive the body before it is transmitted to the body for days. It does not have a disease, but there are ways in which they can strengthen the immune system and reduce the risk of spreading disease and chronic infections. In addition, there are some strategies to reduce the symptoms of the disease, which we will mention later.
Symptoms of Hepatitis B
About two thirds of people with acute hepatitis B do not see any symptoms of the disease. But some people, especially adults and children over the age of 5, may show some of the following symptoms about 2 to 5 months after hepatitis B:
Stomach pain in the upper quarter of the upper right
Abnormal stool color change
Yellow and yellow skin and eyes
These symptoms may last for a few weeks to six months.
Causes of hepatitis B and risk factors in this disease
As stated, hepatitis B is caused by a viral infection. The hepatitis B virus can survive for at least 7 days outside the body and then enter the body by infecting it. If the hepatitis B virus gets into the body at an earlier age, the chances of a chronic infection will be higher. Hepatitis B can be spread and spread through the following ways:
1- Transfer of Prenatal
In this way, the virus is transmitted from mother to child at birth.
2. Exposure to contaminated blood
There is a risk of transmission of hepatitis B virus if an infected person's blood contributes to a healthy open injury. One of the most common types of hepatitis B virus transmission is the sharing of toothbrushes, blades and sharps, especially with children under the age of 5 years. Transmission from a sick child to a healthy child during the first 5 years of life is common in this way.
3. Transmission through sexual contact
If some of the body fluids of a person with hepatitis B, such as semen or vaginal discharge, enter a healthy person during sexual activity, there is a risk of transmission of hepatitis B virus. People with multiple sexual partners are more likely to develop the disease than others. Nearly two-thirds of the more severe cases of hepatitis in the United States have been caused by sexual contact.
4. Use of common injection needles
The use of common needles for drug injecting among addicted people or for tattooing and the like can lead to the transmission of hepatitis B virus. The use of non-sterile needles in health centers can also transmit the disease.
All people are at risk for hepatitis B, but the following groups are more vulnerable to this:
People with multiple sexual partners
Addicts injected with a common needle
People with a history of imprisonment
People who are in close contact with chronic hepatitis B are
Employees of health centers
Patients with dialysis
People who travel to high-hepatitis B countries
Conventional hepatitis B treatments
Diagnosis of hepatitis B is performed with a blood test that determines the level of HBsAG antigen in hepatitis B. The presence of HBsAG for at least 6 months indicates that antibodies are not able to defeat the antigen, and hence the risk of developing hepatitis B infection in the future.
As stated, there is no hepatitis B therapies, however, antiviral drugs may be prescribed to reduce the progression of the disease and reduce the risk of developing liver cancer.
The best way to deal with hepatitis B is to use the vaccine at the earliest time after birth. Generally, infants receive the first dose of hepatitis B vaccine before 24 hours of birth, and then the supplementation dose is injected several times. The vaccine is preserved for 20 years.
6 Natural Methods for Control of Hepatitis B Symptoms
1. Healthy and balanced diet
Eating foods containing chlorophyll can be effective in reducing oxidative stress and liver damage. Some useful foods for detoxification and liver cleansing are:
Green veggies like spinach and broccoli
Root vegetables like carrots and beets
Fresh vegetables such as Parsley, Basil and Pune
Nuts and seeds like walnuts, chia seeds and flaxseed
Unrefined oils such as sesame oil
2. Avoid stirrers and alcoholic beverages
Oral foods such as sugar, refined oils, simple carbohydrates, dairy products and meat from industrial farms are among the foods that make F