Intestinal colitis or ulcerative colitis or ulcerative colitis is the subject of this article. We will talk about the cause, symptoms, causes and methods of treatment. It will try to make the text simple, concise and understandable. If the topic or issues related to colitis or the injured colitis are ambiguous to you and seek to resolve these issues, or if you do not know anything about the wounded colitis, you should accompany us to the end of this article.
What is colitis?
Intestinal colitis or wound colitis is an inflammatory bowel disease that causes inflammation and chronic wounds in the digestive tract. The ulcerative colitis or colitis in the intestine affects the inner colon (colon) and also the rectum (rectum), and its symptoms are usually mild to time and gradually occur, not suddenly.
It can sometimes be dangerous and cause some problems. Unfortunately, there is currently no definitive treatment for colitis, but there are some ways in which they can control the symptoms of the disease and even result in long-term recovery. Meanwhile, there is a hope that there will be definitive therapeutic treatment for the disease.
Symptoms of colitis
Symptoms of colitis are different and depend on the severity of the disease and the location where the disease occurred. But in general, the symptoms of this disease are:
Diarrhea (often accompanied by blood and pus)
Bleeding when disposed
Feeling severe need for repelling
Inability to dispose of (in addition to severe need for excretion)
Lack of growth (in children)
Most people with intestinal colitis have mild to moderate symptoms.
Types of colitis intestines
Generally, doctors categorize intestinal colitis according to the location of the disease. These categories are as follows:
Cirrhosis: This type of inflammation is limited to the rectum (rectum). This kind of colitis may only show itself in bleeding. In addition, this type of colitis is not very severe and generally recovers after some time.
Proctosigmoiditis: This type of colitis, rectum, and lower abdomen (sigmoid colon) is included. Symptoms include bleeding, abdominal cramping and pain.
Left colitis: This inflammation, rectum, sigmoid colon and descending colon. Symptoms include: pain on the left, bleeding, diarrhea and weight loss.
Pancolitis: This type of inflammation often involves the entire colon. Symptoms include diarrhea, bleeding, fatigue, stomach cramps and weight loss.
Severe or malignant colitis: This type of colitis is very severe, but it is also rare, causing severe pain, diarrhea, bleeding, fever, and eating disability.
Causes of colitis
Unfortunately, the exact cause of colitis in the intestine is unclear. In the past, diet and stress were considered as two main causes of colitis, but now doctors believe that these two causes are merely colic-intensifying factors, not the underlying causes.
But now it's believed that one of the causes that can cause colitis is the maladaptation of the immune system. That is, when the immune system tries to fight a virus or bacteria, it sometimes mistakenly attacks the gastrointestinal tract. In addition, it seems that inheritance is another cause of colitis in the intestine. However, there are not a few people who have colitis and have no family history.
Risk factors for ulcerative colitis
Apart from the above, there are some cases that can be referred to as risk factors. These include:
Age: The injured colitis begins in many cases before age 30, although it may also occur in people over the age of 30 years.
Ethnicity: Whites are more likely to develop the disease than others. Of course, this does not mean that other peoples and races are immune to this disease.
Family history: Those with first-degree relatives who have a history of colitis are more at risk for developing ulcerative colitis.
Treatment for colitis intestines
Treatment for colitis in the intestine mainly focuses on controlling symptoms and reducing their severity. For treatment, the combination of diet, medicine and even surgery is commonly used.
Some foods that worsen the condition of the intestinal colitis, so they should be avoided during colon colitis. For example, some people with lactose intolerance may develop colitis symptoms if they consume dairy products. Therefore, in such a situation, the physician wants the patient to avoid dairy consumption. Ready-made foods, beans, beans and some foods that have high fiber content, such as corn, may also worsen the colitis.
Your doctor may prescribe a variety of medications, including:
Antibiotics (to fight infection)
Amino salicylates (to reduce inflammation)
If the other treatments are not beneficial and colitis is malignant and severe, the doctor may use surgery.