An unexplained weight loss or sudden weight loss is the subject of this article. We will talk about the possible causes of this phenomenon. We will examine that sudden weight loss can be due to diseases and conditions. But before we start the main discussion, it's not a bad thing to point out that weight loss or unexplained weight loss is thought to be at least 5 percent in weight loss over a period of 6 to 12 months. The higher the weight loss, the higher the risk. Keep in mind, however, that there is not always a sudden weight loss, but it's best to check with your doctor if you are faced with sudden weight loss to check if there is any illness in the body.
Possible causes of sudden weight loss
1- Loss of muscle
The human body is composed of fat masses and non-fat masses including muscle, bone and water. In the same vein, loss of muscle is a case that can cause sudden weight loss. The main symptom of this condition is a feeling of weakness in the muscles.
Loss of muscle occurs mainly in people who do not have enough physical activity and do not use their muscles properly. For example, employees who spend most of their time at the table or those who spend most of their time on the couch watching TV are among those who are at risk of losing muscle. Other factors that cause muscle loss include:
Bone injuries (such as bone fracture and osteoporosis)
In general, proper activity and diet can reduce the risk of muscle loss.
Hyperthyroidism is another case that can cause sudden weight loss. Hypothyroidism means that the thyroid gland produces hormones in excess of that required by the body. If hormones are produced excessively by the thyroid gland, one of the things that happens is to increase the rate of burning calories in the body, which leads to weight loss. Except for weight loss, hypothyroidism has other symptoms, including:
Fast and irregular heartbeat
Light gowns in women
You should see your doctor for a diagnosis of thyroid gland. The treatment of this disease also depends heavily, but in general thyroid drugs, beta blockers, and sometimes surgery for the treatment of hyperthyroidism.
Type 1 diabetes
Another case that may cause sudden weight loss is type 1 diabetes. In people with type 1 diabetes, the immune system is signaled by pancreatic cells, the pancreas. The work of the pancreas is in the body of insulin production, and without insulin, the body can not use glucose as energy. Insulin does not produce enough insulin in the pancreas, resulting in high blood sugar.
In addition to sudden weight loss, other symptoms of type 1 diabetes include:
A lot of thirst
You can control type 1 diabetes with insulin injections as well as exercising and changing your diet.
Sudden weight loss in some cases can be a complication of depression. Depression can affect parts of the brain that control appetite and cause severe inferiority, resulting in weight loss. Of course, in some cases, depression increases appetite. In general, except for weight loss, other symptoms of depression are as follows:
Thought of suicide
Problem in focus
Losing interest in doing things
5. Inflammatory bowel disease
The inflammatory bowel disease is referred to as a series of intestinal and digestive diseases. The most common diseases are ulcerative colitis, the intestine colitis and Crohn's disease. Inflammatory bowel disease can put the body in a condition that is constantly in need of energy. In addition, these diseases affect the ghrelin hormone responsible for appetite and reduce appetite.
Endocarditis causes inflammation in the inner lining of the heart or endocardium. This condition develops and spreads when microbes generally enter bacterial bloodstream. Most people with endocarditis have fever, and this increase in body temperature leads to increased body metabolism and weight loss.
Other symptoms of endocarditis include:
Heart murmur (abnormal heart sounds)
Cough (whether blood or blood)
Difficulty in breathing
Appearance of red and purple points on the skin
Of course, endocarditis is not common, and the treatment includes antibiotics and sometimes surgery.
Another case that can be introduced as a possible cause of sudden weight loss is tuberculosis. The disease affects the lungs and reduces appetite and weight among its most prominent symptoms. Other symptoms include:
Chronic coughing (over a period of more than three weeks)
Feeling pain in the chest
Cough with blood
All cancers can cause sudden weight loss, but esophageal cancer, gastric cancer, lung cancer, and pancreatic cancer cause weight loss in excess of other types of cancer. Cancer can lead to weight loss through increased inflammation in the body and through effects on appetite regulating hormones. In some cases, cancer