Renal Disease (Symptoms, Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment)

What is renal insufficiency and how is it treated?
The kidneys are organs that remove the waste from the blood and excrete excess urine from the body with additional fluids. The kidneys also interfere with the regulation of blood pressure, electrolyte balance, and red blood cell production. When the kidneys can not do their job properly, the level of harmful fluids and electrolytes and wastes in the body increases and has irreparable consequences. The condition is almost off and it is recommended that you urinate every 6 months and keep track of the problem quickly.

Signs of kidney failure include:
Weakness
Shortness of breath
Lethargy
Confusion
Inflation of the legs and hands
Abnormal heart rhythms
nausea
Vomit
Loss of appetite
Sleep problems
Changes in urine volume
Cramps
Itchy itching
Chest pain, if fluid is formed around the heart covering
Lack of breath, if fluid is produced in the lungs
High blood pressure
And at the end of a sudden death
Diseases associated with kidney failure
Chronic kidney disease occurs when a kidney disease condition stops. You see the healthy and sick kidney in the following two ways.

 

 

 

Type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes: The most common cause of kidney failure is diabetes, which should be followed by a doctor, otherwise the first signs of it will be kidney failure.
Rhabdomyolysis: In this disease, muscle cells are destroyed. If destroyed, myoglobin is released and enters the bloodstream, which can cause kidney failure.
Hemolytic Orlymia Syndrome: This condition is caused by the abnormal destruction of red blood cells. This condition often occurs in children after certain infections, possibly due to drugs, pregnancy or unclear reasons. This rare disease is one of the causes of kidney failure.
Alport's disease: It is a genetic mutation in which the gene is mutated by one of the collagen-producing materials. This type of collagen is present in the kidney and ultimately leads to renal failure.
Other factors associated with kidney failure are:

Nephropathy (reflex injury (urinary tract damage from the bladder to the cavity and kidney)
Nephrotic Syndrome (renal protein excretion due to damage to kidney glomeruli)
Obesity
smoking
alcohol consumption
Family history of kidney disease
High blood pressure
Prostate enlargement
Some cancers
Polycystic kidney disease
Kidney and bladder infection and urinary tract infection
Lupus
Old age
In the case of insufficiency, all of the amyloid proteins increase in the blood, and can precipitate amyloid deposits in different types of tissues and organs, including joints and tendons. Symptoms include stiffness, pain and swelling.

Drugs that are harmful to the kidneys
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen and naproxen
Antibiotics such as aminoglycosides gentamicin (garamysin), tobramycin
Lithium (Scalite, Lithium)
Iodine-containing drugs, such as fluids, are injected into the body for radioactive pigmentation studies.
Does kidney failure cause kidney pain?
Kidney failure itself does not cause pain. However, the consequences of kidney failure may cause pain and discomfort in different parts of the body.

Diagnosis of Kidney Failure
blood test
Diagnosis of renal failure can be confirmed by blood tests such as BUN, creatinine and GFR, which measures the amount of waste produced in the blood.

Urinalysis
The urine test may be prescribed to measure the amount of protein, detect the presence of abnormal cells, or measure electrolyte concentrations.

Other tests
Abdominal ultrasound
Kidney biopsy
Treatment
Treatment options vary depending on the patient's condition and condition. In some patients, the reason for not treating it is very difficult treatment. Usually blood pressure should be controlled first, because things get worse.

Medicinal Therapies
Different types of medications may be prescribed to help control some of the issues associated with kidney failure. For example medications:

Phosphorus, Calcium Carbonate (Caltrate), Rocaltrol Calcitrol and Sevelamer Renagel
Red blood cell production stimulants, erythropoietin, cardapetin (Aranesp)
RBC production (iron supplementation)
Blood Pressure Medications
vitamins
Drug treatment for renal failure in the final stage
Unfortunately, some medications do not work and cause kidney failure, if you stop at a snap or diagnose this disease. At this point, the doctor prescribes these treatments:

Dialysis: This method artificially removes waste and excess fluid from the body through the body.
Kidney Transplant: Kidney Transplant Surgery is the latest medical treatment.
Natural Treatments and Diet
Diet is important in people with kidney failure. In this case, the kidneys can not easily remove water, salt or potassium from the blood, so foods may be consumed with limited potassium salt alternatives. Examples of potassium rich foods include:

the banana
Apricot
Cinderella
Sweet potatoes
yogurt
Spinach
Avocado
P is a forgotten chemical that is associated with calcium metabolism and may increase kidney failure in the body. Excessive phosphorus can excrete calcium from the body and cause osteoporosis and fractures. Examples of foods and drinks that are high in phosphorus and not to be consumed include:

Lion
Cheese
Nuts
Bitter beverages cola
Sardines
Shell
Baked beans
Black beans
Lentils
Beans

References:

  1. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/chronic-kidney-disease/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354527
  2. https://www.medicinenet.com/kidney_failure/article.htm#medications

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Masoome Rahi

Masoome Rahi

معصومه راهی هستم،کارشناس مترجمی زبان انگلیسی،مدت ۴ سال سابقه ترجمه دارم و اعتقاد دارم تنها راه رسیدن به موفقیت انجام کاریست که بهش علاقه داری

I m masoomeh rahi and im bachelors degree in english translation.i translated in 4 years and i believe that the only way to success is to love what to do