Get familiar with a variety of eye diseases and treatments

Blepharitis (inflammation of the eyelid)


Blepharitis is a bacterial infection that occurs in the eyelid and eyelids. In this disease, the glandular fluid is blocked at the edge of the eyelids. The eyelids swell and become red in the eye, and blood streaks appear in it. This disease is sometimes caused by allergic eye drops.

Treatment
Wash your eyelids with a shampoo and dry with a warm towel. Also, use a hot water compressor during the day. If your eyes did not improve after a few days, you should go to the specialist. The doctor will prescribe an antibiotic ointment for you. Try to avoid using contaminated cosmetic supplies during this period and, as a matter of course, avoid contact with your eyes.

Cataract or Cataract


Cataracts are in fact the most common eye disease commonly found in older people. In this case, the lens of the eye loses its transparency and light in the retina is not well reflected. Cataracts have been seen in most people.

People who smoke
Alcohol consumes too much
Are overweight
Have a family history
Diabetics
Have high blood pressure
They are in the long run under the sun
Take special medications such as steroids
Cataract treatment
Initially, sunglasses are beneficial for the early stages of therapy, but surgery is the easiest way to treat this disease, which is effective for a long time.

Color blind
Color blind is the inability to see certain colors that are inherited from the moment of birth. The disease causes damage to the brain or the eye. There are three types of color blindness:

Blind red green
Blind Blue Yellow
Blend of high color blind
Diagnosis and treatment of color blind
An optometrist can control blind color. The most common way is to use your specially designed cards with dots in special patterns to stimulate your eyes and help you recognize colors.

Conjunctivitis conjunctivitis or conjunctivitis


In a conjunctivitis, a transparent layer called a conjugate affects the white part of the eye and below the eyelids. In this disease, the eyes are lacrimal and are usually accompanied by itching and burning and reddening, and in this case it will be sensitive to light. This is sometimes a viral and bacterial disease, and occasionally due to environmental allergies. The retina is actually called Retin. Damage to it causes retinopathy.

This disease is one of the complications of diabetes and can lead to blindness. If you have diabetic retinopathy, it may be difficult to watch television and light up, and you will not be able to see it at night.

Diabetic retinopathy treatment
Diabetic retinopathy treatment can slow down or prevent blindness. Laser treatment can prevent the growth of abnormal blood vessels. Surgery may be required in people with advanced diabetic retinopathy.

Glaucoma (black water)


Another name is gradual blindness. In fact, millions of optic nerves are located in the retina that transmit the retina to the brain. In this disease, the pressure of the fluid in the eye increases and causes damage to the nerves and gradually the person loses his vision. This is called glaucoma.

Treatment
Usually, when there is a problem with the nervous system, there is no cure for it. In this case, the doctor tries to fix this problem using eye drops, surgery and laser.

Corneal Keratosus Keratoconus


In this case, the cornea forms from a spherical and rounded to a conical state, which causes the eyes to astigmatize and gradually the eyes become weakened. In this case, the sensitivity of the eyes to the light increases and causes blurred vision. The disease is diagnosed by a device known as Slit Lamp. This device displays the cornea.

Treatment
Goggles or soft lenses can be used early to treat corneal keratoconus. If the condition progresses, you may need hard lenses or other special lenses to fix your cornea. People with advanced keratoconus may require surgery. In very serious cases, corneal transplantation may help.

Dyspnea, macular degeneration, or macular degeneration
Macular degeneration is one of the most common eye diseases in the world, which is present in two types of dry and wet. Types are usually more dangerous and more serious. It is caused by the rise of age, but it can also be inherited. If you see blurred spots in front of you, it is probably the first symptom of the disease. It is best to visit your doctor as soon as possible.

Treatment
There is no cure for macular degeneration, medicine, surgery, and laser therapy may also be effective in preventing and progressing. Special vitamin supplements are sometimes prescribed for macular degeneration. Of course, the use of these supplements will not be cured.

Optic neuritis disease
Optic neuritis is an inflammation of the optic nerve. The condition usually affects one eye, which is characterized by blindness or pain and light sensitivity. It usually develops over time. It is advisable to see a doctor if any of these symptoms occur.

Treatment
Inject steroid drugs to reduce inflammation of the optic nerve

Retinal or retinitis pigmentosa Retinitis pigmentosa
In patients with Retinal Retinal Pulmonary Disease, the signals transmitted to the brain to the brain are gradually degraded and gradually become blind. The disease is caused by a genetic damage that attacks the eye, resulting in night blindness, blurred vision and sensitivity to light. Detect it only with d

References:

  1. https://www.healthdirect.gov.au/eye-diseases

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Masoome Rahi

Masoome Rahi

معصومه راهی هستم،کارشناس مترجمی زبان انگلیسی،مدت ۴ سال سابقه ترجمه دارم و اعتقاد دارم تنها راه رسیدن به موفقیت انجام کاریست که بهش علاقه داری

I m masoomeh rahi and im bachelors degree in english translation.i translated in 4 years and i believe that the only way to success is to love what to do