The gallbladder is a small sachet located on the right side of the body, below the liver. Some of the chemicals in the gallbladder can turn into a large stone or a few small matter. The gallbladder secretions are a mixture of cholesterol, calcium, bilirubin and other compounds that accumulate in the gallbladder. These compounds are sometimes referred to as bile, because they remain in the gallbladder for a long time.
Bile is a yellowish green liquid that is produced in the liver and stored in the gallbladder. It helps digestion of body fat. When small bile particles remain in the gallbladder for a long time, these particles can accumulate as bubbles in the gallbladder. Bile marrow gems are rocks or masses that are produced from some harder materials in the gallbladder or biliary tract.
Most people with biliary stones have no symptoms. This is because the stone remains in the gallbladder and does not cause any problems. However, biliary stones may occasionally lead to cystic colic or inflammation of the gallbladder.
The initial symptoms are sudden ache, which worsens quickly. This pain can occur on the right side of the body, just below the teeth, between the shoulder or right shoulder.
Other symptoms include:
Pain on the right side of the body, just below the rib
The back pain between the shoulder blade
Right shoulder pain
In many cases, gallbladder stones are discovered accidentally when a person is treated for another condition. A doctor may suspect biliary stomachs after a cholesterol test, ultrasound scan, blood test, or even a CT scan. Blood tests may be followed by signs of infection, obstruction, pancreatitis, or jaundice.
There are two main types of biliary stones:
Cholesterol Bile Marrow: If there is excessive cholesterol in the bile, these stones are created.
Biliary stones: When the bilirubin is excessive, the stones are formed. These types of stones are found among people with liver disease, bile duct infections, or blood disorders such as anemia due to sickle cells.
People at risk include:
People with a family history
People who have recently lost weight
Mainly reducing weight fast and then returning to normal may increase the risk of gallstone disease over a lifetime.
Contraceptive use in women
Women treated with high-dose estrogen.
People with relatives with this disease
One study found that a gene type significantly increased the risk of biliary stones.
People with high fat intake in the diet
Women are twice as likely to have biliary stones as men.
People over 60 years old
People who use cholesterol-lowering drugs.
People with diabetes
In addition, hormone replacement therapy (HRT) for postmenopausal women is associated with a high risk of developing gallbladder problems.
Biliary stones should be treated if they cause gallbladder inflammation, bile duct obstruction or stone movement from bile ducts to the intestines. Treatment involves cholecystectomy or removal of the entire gallbladder that is performed in some people under laparoscopy and some require open abdominal surgery. The drug, Ursodeoxycholic acid, can reduce the level of cholesterol content of the gallbladder and reduce the formation of these stones, if they have cholesterol.
Of course, despite the presence of drugs and surgical interventions, some people replace natural remedies to get rid of these rocks. Acupuncture, yoga is somewhat curative, but you should keep in mind that in case of deterioration, the doctor will be the final decision maker.
Weight loss gradually rather quickly
The most effective way to prevent gallstone disease in the long run is to control weight. However, weight loss, pregnancy, or participation in very low calorie diets (less than 800 calories a day) can actually increase the risk of biliary stones. Fast weight loss diets may increase cholesterol levels in bile, which can increase the risk of gallstones. This weight loss should be done slowly.
Regular physical activity can help reduce the chance of developing gallstones. Exercise intensity does not make much difference. The US Health and Human Services Guidelines recommend that regular physical activity of at least 150 minutes per week or 30 minutes five times a week can improve health outcomes and prevent weight gain.
Healthy diet plays an important role in reducing the incidence of gallbladder disease, but is not limited to eating fruits and vegetables. Eating a balanced mix of vegetarian foods such as nuts, fruits, vegetables, fiber and foods that contain unsaturated or unsaturated fat, cereals with low or no meat can reduce the risk of gallstones. The Mediterranean diet includes this food and is also associated with reduced risk of cardiovascular disease.
Here are some tips for what to eat and what to avoid:
Not all fats are harmful, but unsaturated fats in olive oil, canola oil and omega-3 fatty acids in avocado fruits, flax and fish help prevent gallbladder disease. Healthy fats and fish oil may be especially suitable for those who have diabetes