Migraine and headache during pregnancy and lactation from causes to treatment

What is the cause of migraine headaches?
The exact cause of migraine headaches is not known, but some changes in neurological pathways, chemical transducers and blood flow can make these conditions in the brain.

The belief that estrogen plays a role in the development of migraines. That is why pregnancy, menstruation, menopause alter the pattern of migraine headaches. Serotonin also plays a role in migraine as a chemical carrier in the brain.

Hormonal changes during pregnancy are not the only factor that can cause migraine headaches during pregnancy and lactation. In most pregnant and nursing women, it is a combination of these factors that cause these pains, such as stress, meals, sleep deprivation, which can all be triggered by migraines.

It is advisable to have a pregnant or lactating woman whenever a headache affects them, and notes the causes in order to find out the exact cause of the headache and prevent it. Indicative items that can be mentioned in their writings include:

What specific symptoms do you experience in these situations?
Do you feel nausea or vomiting caused by pain?
Are you allergic to light, sound or smell?
When does the headache start and when does it end?
What foods have you eaten for the last 24 hours before the headache?
Has there been a change in living, climate, travel or food consumption?
A migraine headache or any other headache during pregnancy may be one of the complications of preeclampsia or pregnancy toxicity. Your doctor will find out about this according to your status assessment.

CT scan tests and other radiographic imaging tests during pregnancy are not recommended due to the risks to the fetus. Also, migraine drugs are not recommended during pregnancy because of fetal defects, so it's best to prevent them from taking daily care. You can do this with the items listed below:

Enough rest
Abundant water consumption
Lack of stimulant food
Light sports
Settlement of meals
Although migraines and headaches can occur at any time during pregnancy and lactation, they still appear more during the first and third trimesters of pregnancy.

Causes of headache during pregnancy
During the first trimester of pregnancy, the body experiences changes such as changes in blood volume and chemical hormones, which are the main cause of the headache during pregnancy.

Headache of the third trimester of pregnancy is often due to poor body position and increased pressure due to embryo transfer and overload. Preeclampsia and high blood pressure during pregnancy are no exception.

Treating headache during pregnancy
To treat sinus headaches during pregnancy, putting hot compresses around the forehead and eyes is effective.
To treat tension headaches during pregnancy, putting cold compresses around the neck is effective.
Taking small small meals alternately avoids blood glucose and ultimately prevents some headaches during pregnancy.
Massage of the shoulders and neck is somewhat effective in relieving this type of pain.
Rest in the dark room and deep breath
Use the hot bath
The cause of breastfeeding
1. Epidural or spinal anesthesia
After delivery of cesarean section and spinal anesthesia, there is a possibility of headache. This is because during this anesthetic, a portion of the spinal cord fluid spills out of the spinal canal due to injection. And the level of fluid in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) decreases. These types of headaches do not require any special measures and are improved with fluid and relaxation.

2. Release reflexes
Some lactating women have a headache during lactation because of the release of oxytocin hormone. This type of headache is a type of headache during lactation. Sometimes this type of headache recovers after a few weeks. They are often treated with prescription medication.

Sucking Breasts
A headache caused by lactate occurs when the chest swells hard and increases. The belief that oxytocin hormone or lactating factor is the cause of this type of headache. In this case, try to maintain breastfeeding and breastfeeding in all circumstances.

4. Reduced food
Breastfeeding, as well as drinking low amounts of water, cause these types of headaches, which can be achieved with adequate amounts of cure.

5. Fatigue
Newly graduated mothers experience more fatigue with the birth of the baby. This is often due to inadequate sleep. Resting and snoozing during the day can prevent these types of headaches.

References:

  1. https://www.webmd.com/migraines-headaches/migraine-headaches-and-pregnancy#1
  2. http://americanpregnancy.org/pregnancy-health/headaches-and-pregnancy/
  3. https://www.verywellfamily.com/breastfeeding-and-headaches-the-common-causes-431879

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Fatemeh Ghorbani

Fatemeh Ghorbani

فاطمه قربانی هستم، لیسانس ژنتیک، به علوم نوین پزشکی و ایمونولوژی علاقمندم. از شما دوست گرامی بخاطر مطالعه این مقاله و همچنین مجموعه تریتا بخاطر فرصت انتشار مطالبم در راستای کمک به ارتقای دانش کمال تشکر دارم. شاد باشید و سلامت

my name is Fatemeh Ghorbani, I have a B.S in genetics and interested in immunology and medical science. I believe that, even into the smallest acts, should be put our heart, mind and soul. Thank you for reading my article