The spinal cord injury is known to damage any part of the spinal cord or nerves at the end of the cauda equina, which often causes permanent changes in the strength, sensation and function of other organs of the body. Your ability to control an organ after a spinal cord injury depends on two factors: the spinal cord injury and the severity of spinal cord injury.
The cause of spinal cord injury
Spinal cord injury may result from damage to the spine, spine, or spinal cord, or spinal cord itself. This damage can include a sudden blow and damage to your spine that causes fracture, contraction, crushing, or squeezing one or more vertebrae. It may also break through a bullet wound or knife that penetrates your spinal cord. Additional injuries are usually caused during days or weeks due to bleeding, swelling, inflammation, and fluid accumulation in and around the spinal cord.
An abnormal spinal cord injury may be caused by arthritis, cancer, inflammation, infection, or degeneration of the spinal disc.
Types of spinal cord injury
Traumatic or traumatic injury
Non-traumatic or non-traumatic injury
Traumatic or traumatic injuries
These injuries damage the spinal cord. These injuries can be due to throwing out places or crashes or sports activities.
2. Traumatic or non traumatic traumatic injury
These injuries damage the spinal cord. Osteoporosis, which causes the vertebral fracture to break. Tumors and many vascular diseases are the same. They are usually caused by bleeding.
Signs of spinal cord injury
Loss of body motor activity
Lose or change feelings, including feeling warm, cold and touch
Loss of intestinal or bladder control
Changes in sexual function, sexual sensitivity and fertility
Pain or severe fatigue due to nerve fibers in the spinal cord
Severe breathing and severe cough
Emergency signs and symptoms of spinal cord injury
Symptoms of spinal cord injury in emergencies after accidents, severe strokes or overthrow, etc. may include:
Severe pain or pressure in the neck, head or back
Weakness, discord, or paralysis in any part of your body
Tingling or losing feelings in the hands or feet
Loss of bladder or bowel control
Problem in body balance
Sharp heart beat and shortness of breath
Chronic pain and depression
Spinal cord injury detection methods
The doctor can detect spinal cord injury, due to accurate examination, performance testing, and sensory movements and questions about the incident. But if the wounded person gets a lot of pain and does not wake up completely, or if there are clear signs of weakness and nerve damage, it can easily be detected using these tests. These tests may include:
X-rays can identify spinal problems, tumors, fractures, or degenerative changes in the spine.
Computerized Tomography (CT) Scan
Tomography is one of the commonly used methods in medical imaging that can detect bone, disk, and other problems.
Magnetic resonance imaging of magnetic resonance imaging
It uses a strong magnetic field and radio waves to produce computerized images. This test is very accurate for spinal cord diagnostics and identification of hernia discs, blood clots, or other masses that may be compression of the spinal cord.
Treatment methods for spinal cord injury
Drug therapies for nerve cell regeneration
Implants and prosthetics of the spine are done in a variety of ways. Implants are performed surgically. In this way, surgeons work with titanium bars and screws between the nuts and discs. These prostheses hold the nuts and prevent damage to the spinal cord.
2- Medicinal treatments
Intravenous methylprednisolone (A-Methapred, Solu-Medrol) has been used as a treatment for acute spinal cord injury. But recent research has shown that the use of these drugs causes a lot of side effects, such as blood clots and pneumonia. For this reason, methyl prednisolone is not recommended for everyday use after spinal cord injury.
Often surgery is needed to remove bone, foreign objects, disc herniation, or broken claws that cause damage to the spinal cord. Surgery is used to stabilize the spine and to prevent pain.
Empirical treatments for spinal cord injury
Scientists are trying to find ways to prevent cell death, control inflammation, and regenerate the nerve. For example, physicians may significantly reduce body temperature. The condition known as Hypotermia. This procedure is useful for 24 to 48 hours to prevent inflammation of the body.
The latest technology for treating spinal cord injuries is the outer skeleton. This technology is available by Japan. The outer skeleton is a device that is directly connected to the patient's nervous system. These signals are transmitted from the patient's nerve to the device and cause the patient to move. The HAL controls these weak signals. In addition to treating spinal cord injury, this device is also very useful in the treatment of MS, neurological diseases, muscular dystrophy and stroke.