What is oral cancer and what are the symptoms?

Oral cancer has become one of the most common cancers in the world today. Unfortunately, there is a negative point in relation to this cancer, and according to research, those who have oral cancer are 20 times more likely to be exposed to second-line cancer than others. Our focus is on oral cancer. Let's talk about what, signs, causes, and ways to cure this cancer.

What is oral cancer?
Cancer of the mouth and throat occurs when malignant cancer cells develop in the mouth and throat. Oral cancer can be caused in any of the oral components, including tongue, gum, oral cavity, sublingual area, as well as wisdom teeth.

There are a few truths about oral cancer that are not bad at pointing them:

Oral cancer is the sixth most common cancer in the world.
The incidence of this cancer in developing countries is higher than in developed countries.
Oral cancer is more common in men than in women. Men are twice as likely to be exposed to this cancer as men.
Signs of oral cancer
Unfortunately, there are no significant signs in the early stages of the disease. As a result, the cancer can develop and grow and spread in the body, without the knowledge of the affected person. But in general, symptoms that can indicate oral cancer include:

Wounds in the mouth, head and neck that do not improve after two weeks
Bleeding repeatedly in the mouth
The presence of red, white or dark patches in the mouth
Skeleton teeth
Feeling pain when swallowing
Earache
Thickening of the lips or gums
Sudden change of sound
Swollen jaw
Detection of oral cancer
If any of the above symptoms occur in a person, the person should refer to the doctor and inform him of the above symptoms. At this point, the doctor will use some tests to make sure you have cancer. It is natural that the physician first begins with some physical examinations, including oral and dental examinations, and then prescribes tests, such as cytology, anesthesia or endoscopy, if they identify the symptoms. Of course, it is also possible for the physician to prescribe MRI for a better examination of the patient's oral condition.

Causes and risk factors for oral cancer
Although anyone can get oral cancer, alcohol and tobacco use account for about 90% of the causes of oral cancer. Except for these two cases, the following can be considered as risk factors for oral cancer:

Being a man
Age over 40 years
Human papillomavirus infection
Having a family history of head and neck cancers
It's interesting to know that those who consume alcohol and regularly use tobacco are more likely to have oral cancer than those who consume only one of them.

Cure for oral cancer
Like other types of cancer, oral cancer can be diagnosed at an early stage, and it will be better and more promising. It is not bad to know that mortality is high in oral cancer, but not because it is more difficult to cure than other types of cancer, but because it is generally detected late, when therapies are Must not have the ability to eliminate the risk. Therefore, it is important that those who are more at risk than others are more likely to pay attention to this cancer and every month, once a month, under the supervision of the doctor, they will perform the necessary tests to diagnose the cancer. It's interesting to know that if oral cancer is detected at an early stage, it can be treated at a rate of 90% to 100%.

Apart from these points, one of the common therapies for oral cancer is the following:

1- Surgery:
In case of oral cancer detection, several surgical procedures for the removal and removal of cancerous tissues may be required. In addition to surgical procedures, the patient may also refer a patient to a beautiful surgeon to perform a beautiful surgery after performing them.

2. Radiation therapy (radiotherapy):
Radiation therapy or other radiotherapy is a method of treating oral cancer. In this type of treatment, X-rays are used to kill cancer cells. For cancer that has been diagnosed at an early stage, it may be enough radiation therapy, but for other cancers, the doctor may use radiotherapy after surgery.

3- Fetal Therapy:
Sometimes Hyperthermia Therapy may also be used to treat oral cancer.

4. Alternative treatments:
Of course, while alternative treatments may not play a role in the primary treatment of oral cancer, they can reduce the severity of the symptoms of oral cancer. These treatments include:

Acupuncture (for the treatment of pain, nausea and vomiting)
Massage Therapy (to enhance mental and physical relaxation and relieve stress and anxiety)
Yoga (to increase calmness and improve the patient's sleep)

References:

  1. https://www.curejoy.com/content/causes-symptoms-treatments-oral-cancer/

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Arash Shamsi

Arash Shamsi

آرش شمسی هستم. فلسفه می‌خوانم و می‌نویسم‌. ولی پیش از هر فلسفیدنی، بر سلامت می‌بایست متمرکز بود. چه آن‌که به قول شوپنهاور: «یک شاه بیمار از یک گدای سالم بدبخت‌تر است». امیدوارم آن‌چه که ترجمه می‌کنم، به کارتان بیاید.

I'm Arash Shamsi. A Writer. I write philosophy and live with philosophers. But health is more important than philosophy. In here, I translate the best articles about health, fitness and etc.