What is hypothermia or frostbite?
Hypothermia or chills are an extremely dangerous and dangerous form of contact with very cold weather. The freezing of the body, as its name implies, occurs in cold seasons. The body temperature is around 37 ° C in normal conditions. The degree of freezing occurs when the body temperature is below 35 ° C.
When your body temperature drops, your heart, nervous system and other organs can not function naturally. Hypothermia ultimately leads to complete heart failure and respiratory system and ultimately death. Hypothermia is often caused by exposure to cold and snow.
Types of hypothermia
In mild hypothermia, the body temperature reaches 32 degrees, the person feels uncontrollable and chills. In average hypothermia, the body temperature reaches 26 degrees and the person's condition worsens. The skin is bruised and swollen and the muscles of the body become rigid. Also, in severe hypothermia, the body temperature reaches less than 26 degrees. The probability of rescuing this person is very low and will result in the death of the person.
Symptoms of frostbite
Vibration is likely to be the first reaction that the body will notice when it comes to dealing with cold. Symptoms and symptoms of hypothermia include:
Inability to speak
Quiet and slow breathing
Severe weakness or lack of coordination of the organs
Sleepiness or low energy
Confusion or memory loss
Loss of vigilance
Burning and reddening of the skin
Specific conditions leading to hypothermia include:
Clothes that are not suitable for cold and mountainous climates
Long time in cold and snow
Stay wet in snow
Living in mountainous areas without heating appliances
The risk factors for hypothermia or chills include:
Fatigue reduces your body's ability to fight off cold.
2- Age aging
The body's ability to fight colds decreases with age. Try to keep the elderly away from cold weather.
Children will lose heat before they are older.
4. Psychological problems
People with mental illness, dementia or other mental conditions may be weak in the vicinity of the cold.
5. Drinking alcohol and drugs
Alcohol may heat your body inside, but it will make your blood vessels grow bigger and lose weight when it's gone.
6. Special medical conditions
Some problems and illnesses may reduce your power against snow and cold. Examples of such are hypothyroidism, inappropriate nutrition, infertility, diabetes, stroke, severe arthritis, Parkinson's disease, trauma, and spinal cord injury.
Some medications can affect the body temperature setting. For example, certain antidepressants, anti-cancer drugs, analgesic drugs, and so on.
Side effects of chills
People with hypothermia experience cold or cold water due to exposure to frost, including:
Freezing of body tissues (frostbite)
Accumulation and death of tissue, due to interruption in blood flow (gangraria)
Heart problems and narrowing of the veins of the body
Detection of frostbite
The diagnosis of hypothermia is usually based on the individual's physical symptoms. Blood tests can also help to confirm the severity of hypothermia.
If you think you have hypothermia, see your doctor at the earliest opportunity.
Warming the body with clothes and heating appliances
Use hot water compressor
In severe cases, the patient should have CPR (artificial respiration).
Do not expose to direct fire.