A nightmare called Preterm Delivery!

What is preterm labor?
Preterm or preterm delivery occurs when your body is too early to prepare for delivery before the end of the 37th week of pregnancy. Preterm labor causes a premature birth, but the good news is that the doctor can do a lot of things to delay it.

Generic causes of preterm labor
Maternal factors
Preeclampsia (high blood pressure during pregnancy)
Chronic medical conditions (such as heart and kidney disease)
Substance abuse (like cocaine use)
Uterine structure problems
Cervical failure (inability to close the cervix until the end of pregnancy)
Preterm labor history
Maternal premature delivery
Abnormal and incomplete performance of the pair
Pair of cataract (placement of the placenta in the cervix-cervix, which causes incomplete or complete cervical obstruction)
Cleavage and early ablation of the uterus
The early tearing of a water bag
Excess amount of ammonia liquid
Preterm labor factors related to the fetus
When the fetal movements and movements indicate that the environment in the uterus is not healthy
Multiple pregnancy (two, three or more)
Incongruity between maternal and fetal blood (inconsistency of Rh factor)
Why is premature delivery alarming?
Preterm labor results in the birth of a premature baby, which will have more problems than other neonates. They are born before body and body organs and at low birth weights (under 2500 grams) are completed. They may need help to breathe, milk and feed, fight infection and stay warm. Very young babies, those born under the age of 28, are severely injured. Many of their organs are not ready for life outside the mother's womb and are very immature for proper functioning.

A number of problems that premature infants may experience
Failure to stay warm due to low body fat levels
Respiratory problems
Halpain membrane disease (respiratory distress syndrome) in which lung air bags can not stay open.
Chronic lung disease
Exit air from the lung to other tissues
Incomplete lung growth
Apnea and stop breathing
Cardiovascular problems
PDA, which causes the blood to divert away from the lung
Hypertension too high or low
Low heart rate
Blood and metabolic problems
Anemia (may require blood transfusion)
Jaundice
Very high or low amounts of minerals and other substances such as calcium or sugar in the blood
Incomplete renal function
Gastrointestinal problems
Nutrition problems such as inability to suck and swallow
Poor digestion
NEC-a serious intestinal illness
Neurological
Brain hemorrhage
Pritoricularerglucomlasia, softening the brain tissue around the brain's ventricle
Seizures (May be caused by bleeding)
Early retinopathy, abnormal growth of blood vessels in the child's eyes
Infection
Weak muscle
Preterm infants may also have long-term health problems! Medications used to control preterm labor may be dangerous to mother and baby.

Signs of preterm labor
The following are common symptoms of preterm delivery, however, these symptoms can be of any shape in any woman.

Uterine contraction, especially if there are more than four contractions per hour
Eclipse and abdominal pain similar to menstrual cramps
Pelvic sensation
back ache
Bowel discomfort
Secretion, mucus, blood or water from the vagina
Contact your doctor immediately if you experience any of these symptoms.

How is preterm labor diagnosed?
In the event of a possible early birth, women are examined in the department of obstetrics and gynecology. An electric monitor is usually used to check the frequency and duration of contractions and show the baby's heart rate. This monitor is placed on your stomach with a belt.

Other methods of diagnosing preterm labor
Examination of the cervix (cervix) with a finger, soft, thin, and open mouth of the uterus is a sign of early delivery.
Vaginal ultrasound (examination of cervical length, excessive cervical cervical cramping is a sign of delivery)
Rupture test and water bag spill
Fibonacci test, fiber is a protein that is found in the water bag and uterine cavity. When the water bottle and the womb are damaged or when it's infected, it releases and releases. With cervical examination, it can be checked for this substance, when it is found in cervical secretions, indicates infection or leakage of water and risk of early delivery.
How is it possible to treat early delivery?
Your treatment will be prescribed by your doctor, taking into account the following considerations:

Your pregnancy, your general health status and your medical history
The range and severity of the problem
The reaction and tolerance of your body to medications and therapies
Expectations and expectations we have for this treatment
Your comments and preferences
Prescribed treatments may include:
Absolute rest and stay in bed (whether at home or in the hospital)
Hospital admission (Specialist and advanced equipment may be needed)
Stopping or slowing contractions of the womb with the help of subcutaneous or intravenous injection (intravaginal)
Corticosteroid medications that help mature fetal lungs, respiratory problems are common among preterm infants.
Uterine cervical cancer This technique is used in women with uterine insufficiency. Uterus failure means that the cervix is ​​weak and can not remain closed until the end of pregnancy.
Treatment of infection with antibiotics
Embryo removal may result in the removal of the fetus if treatment is not stopped or the mother and fetus are at risk. Cesarean delivery may be prescribed in certain circumstances.
Preventing early or preterm labor
Due to the huge advances in medicine and the methods of care and care for the sick newborns and neonates, more and more babies, despite being premature and very small, are absent.

Support Trita to achieve its goals:

References:

  1. www.stanfordchildrens.org/en/topic/defult?id=prematurity-90-p02401
  2. https://www.webmd.com/baby/guide/premature-labor
  3. https://kidshealth.org/en/parents/preemies.html

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Zohre Dabagh

Zohre Dabagh

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