Key points about infertility in men, symptoms and treatment

Signs and symptoms associated with infertility in men
Sexual dysfunction (for example, ejaculation problem or low volume of ejaculatory fluid, loss of libido or erectile problem (erectile dysfunction)
Pain, swelling or a mass in the testicles
Respiratory infections
Reducing facial or body hair or other symptoms of chromosomal or hormonal disorders
The number of sperm that is less than the normal range (less than 15 million sperm per milliliter)


Male fertility is a complex process. To have your partner pregnant, you must have:

You should produce healthy sperm. Initially, this causes the growth and development of reproductive organs in men during puberty. At least one testicle should work properly and your body needs to prepare testosterone and other hormones for sperm production.
The sperm should be transported to the semen. When sperm is produced in the testicles, they carry delicate tubes that are mixed with semen and removed from the penis.
You need enough sperm in semen. If the number of semen in semen is low, the probability that one of the sperm will fertilize your partner's egg decreases. The low sperm count is less than 15 million sperm per milliliter of sperm or less than 39 million per ejaculation.
The sperm should be active and able to move. If the movement or performance of your sperm is abnormal, the sperm may not be able to reach the egg and can not stick to it.
Medical causes
Men's fertility problems can be caused by a number of health issues and medical treatments. Some of these include:

1. Varicocele


Swelling of the veins around the testicles. This is the most common cause of male infertility. Although the reason why varicocele causes infertility is unknown, it may be related to the regulation of the abnormal testicular temperature. Varicocele decreases sperm quality. Varicocele treatment improves the number of sperms and functions and can potentially improve the results when using reproductive techniques such as fertilization. Some infections can interfere with the production of sperm or the health of the sperm, or cause wounds that disrupt the passage of the sperm. These infections include inflammation of the epididymis (epididymitis) or testicles (orchitis) and some sexually transmitted infections, including gonorrhea or HIV. Although some infections can cause permanent testicular injury, most sperms can still be recovered.

2. Ejaculation problems
When the sperm enters the bladder during an orgasm instead of the tip of the penis. Various diseases can lead to ejaculation, including diabetes, spinal cord injury, medications, and bladder surgery, prostate or urethra. Some men with spinal cord injury or certain diseases can not produce sperm. Often in these cases sperm can still be recovered for use in assisted reproduction techniques.

An antibody that attacks sperm
Antisperm antibodies are immune cells that incorrectly identify sperm as dangerous attackers and attempt to eliminate them. Cancer tumors can directly affect male reproductive organs. In some cases, surgery, radiation, or chemo to treat tumors can affect men's fertility. Infertility hormone imbalance can be due to testicular disorders or disorders that affect other hormonal systems such as hypothalamus, pituitary, thyroid and adrenal glands.

4. Defects in the tubes carrying the sperm
These tubes are blocked for various reasons, including unwanted injury from surgery, previous infections, trauma or abnormal development, such as cystic fibrosis or similar hereditary conditions.

5. Chromosomal defects:
Like the Klinefelter syndrome, in which a man born with two chromosomes X and a Y chromosome (instead of X and Y Y) causes an abnormal production of the male organs. Other genetic syndromes associated with infertility include cystic fibrosis, Coleman syndrome, and Carthage syndrome.

 

Natural symptoms
drugs
Alcohol
Cigarette
Stress
Depression
Overweight
Diagnosis of male infertility problems typically includes:
1. Physical examination:
This examination includes examination of reproductive organs and questions related to any hereditary conditions, chronic diseases and surgeries that can affect fertility. Your doctor may also ask about your sexual and sexual development during puberty.

2. Analysis of sperm samples:
Your sperm is sent to the lab to measure the number of sperm that is present and to look for any disorder in the shape (morphology) and sperm movement. The laboratory also checks semen symptoms for signs such as infection. Your doctor may recommend additional tests to identify the cause of infertility, such as:

Ultrasound ultrasound
Hormonal testing
Urine after ejaculation
Genetic testing
biopsy
Transcale sonography
Therapeutic methods
surgery
Hormone therapy: The ART fertilization technology (the sperm sample is extracted by natural ejaculation and then injected into the female genitalia or used for in vitro fertilization or sperm injection into the cytoplasmic system)
Changing the diet to treat male infertility
The points that men should follow in their diet are as follows:

Add Fat Omega 3
Vitamin c
folic acid
On
Calcium and vitamin D
Consume fruits and vegetables

Support Trita to achieve its goals:

References:

  1. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/male-infertility/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20374780

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Masoome Rahi

Masoome Rahi

معصومه راهی هستم،کارشناس مترجمی زبان انگلیسی،مدت ۴ سال سابقه ترجمه دارم و اعتقاد دارم تنها راه رسیدن به موفقیت انجام کاریست که بهش علاقه داری

I m masoomeh rahi and im bachelors degree in english translation.i translated in 4 years and i believe that the only way to success is to love what to do