Everything you need to know about gout disease

Gout is a common type of arthritis that causes pain, swelling and stiffness in the joints. A joint that is more than other joints due to gout is pain and stiffness and swelling. Gout attacks can occur very quickly, while they can slowly damage the affected area through inflammation.

Gout also increases the risk of heart disease, and can sometimes be very painful. Gout is the most common inflammatory arthritis in men, however, women are more likely to develop after menopause. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported that in 2007-08, about 8.3 million Americans were involved in gout.

Facts About Gout
With the above-mentioned general overview of the gout, it's not worth looking at some other facts about gout:

Gout is a type of arthritis caused by the high levels of uric acid in the blood.
Gout symptoms are caused by the formation of uric acid crystals in the joints and the reaction to them.
Gout often affects the joint of the thumb.
Gout attacks occur in most cases without any special warnings in the middle of the night.
Most cases of gout are treated with certain medications.
Diagnosis of gout
The diagnosis of gout is a bit difficult, because some of its symptoms are similar to symptoms of some diseases and other conditions. However, one of the tests that physicians perform for the diagnosis of gout are a detailed fluid test. In this test, the fluid is removed with a needle from the joint to examine if there are uric acid crystals present in it.

Of course, in some cases, blood tests are also needed to detect high levels of uric acid, but the point here is that blood tests alone can not be a good way to diagnose gout, because in some cases those with high levels of uric acid There is no news about gout. That's not to say that the high levels of uric acid in the blood show gout.

Finally, using ultrasound or CT scan, it is possible to detect uric acid crystals in the joints.

Types of Gout
There are various stages for gout disease, and each of these stages is also known as gout types. Types of gout include:

1- Hyperuria without symptoms
From the early stages of gout, this is an asymptomatic hypervisor. Hyperuria or high levels of uric acid in the early stages may be completely unmarked. At this stage, there is no particular risk to the patient, and uric acid crystals may enter the joint in the worst case conditions.

2. Acute gout
This occurs when the created crystals cause severe inflammation and pain.

3. Intertrochanic or enteral gout
This stage is actually a silent period among acute gout attacks, however, if the gout is not treated at this stage, the condition will get worse.

4. Gout of chronic tofus
Chronic tofus gout is a type of gout that is more capable of weakening the joint than other types. At this stage, there will probably be serious damage to the joints and the kidneys. The patient will suffer from chronic arrhythmias and uric acid crystalline masses spread across the body, including the joints of the fingers.

This takes about 10 years, and it is unlikely that this particular treatment can be useful in relieving the condition.

Causes of Gout
Gout is primarily due to high levels of uric acid in the blood, and uric acid is also produced during purine decomposition. Purines are chemical compounds that are found to be high in some particular foods, including red meat, chicken, and some seafood.

Usually, uric acid is dissolved in the blood and is excreted through the kidneys and urine. But when uric acid levels rise up in the blood or that uric acid can not be properly excreted for any reason, high levels of uric acid cause the formation of crystals and, as a result, we see gout disease.

Risk factors for gout
There are some factors that increase the risk of gout, including:

Age and sex: Male uric acid is produced more often, while women after menopause are more likely to develop gout.
Genetics: Family history of gout is one of the factors that increases the risk of developing gout.
Lifestyle: A lot of alcohol plays a role in the rise of uric acid in the blood. Also, following a high-purine diet also increases the risk of developing gout.
Medications: Some medications also contribute to increased levels of uric acid, including diuretics and salicylic drugs.
Weight: High weight is also a factor in increasing the risk of gout. A high level of fat in the blood also plays such a role.
Some specific body conditions and conditions: Among the conditions that may increase the risk of developing gout, you can call a kidney failure, hypertension, diabetes, and poor thyroid gland.
Gout symptoms
Gout symptoms are commonly seen without any special notice in the middle of the night. The main symptoms of gout include severe joint pain that ultimately leads to inflammation and redness in the joint area. Also, as mentioned above, gout usually shows signs of a toe, but it also appears on some other joints, including the wrists, the ankles, the fingers, and the knees.

 

Side effects of gout
Gout can lead to other conditions if not seriously treated and progressed. One of the side effects of severe gout include:

References:

  1. https://www.webmd.com/arthritis/ss/slideshow-gout
  2. https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/144827.php

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Arash Shamsi

Arash Shamsi

آرش شمسی هستم. فلسفه می‌خوانم و می‌نویسم‌. ولی پیش از هر فلسفیدنی، بر سلامت می‌بایست متمرکز بود. چه آن‌که به قول شوپنهاور: «یک شاه بیمار از یک گدای سالم بدبخت‌تر است». امیدوارم آن‌چه که ترجمه می‌کنم، به کارتان بیاید.

I'm Arash Shamsi. A Writer. I write philosophy and live with philosophers. But health is more important than philosophy. In here, I translate the best articles about health, fitness and etc.