What is diabetic mastopathy?

These masses are benign, but they can be confused with tumors. These lesions, which are painless and mainly contain fibrotic and inflammatory elements, can be identified as breast cancer. This condition is most commonly diagnosed in women with type 1 diabetes (over 15 years of age), but this situation has also been reported in men.

While high levels of high blood sugar can affect the development of diabetic mastopathy, as with other diabetes complications, such as neuropathies, the cause of these conditions is unclear.

Communication with type 1 diabetes
Diabetic mastopathy is commonly found in patients with type 1 diabetes, but its cause is largely unknown. In general, it seems to be due to an autoimmune protein.

According to research, 13% of women with type 1 diabetes and before menopause develop this condition. Also, these patients may have other problems, such as kidney disease or nerve disease, or ocular, articular and thyroid problems.

Contact with type 2 diabetes
A theory suggested by researchers suggests that type 2 diabetic patients with diabetic mastopathy are exposed to foreign insulin that may be associated with progression of the disease. However, there is no scientific evidence for causing type 1 diabetes in this type of diabetes.

signs
Common symptoms of this mode include the touch of masses:

unusual
Stiff
Odd
Easily movable
painless
Along with discharge
These symptoms can involve a breast or both and can occur in both women and men. These lesions may not be palpable in some people.

Diagnosis
Diagnostic mastopathy is a critical diagnostic to prevent unnecessary surgeries. If you already felt the masses in your chest, but you ignored them by attributing your diabetes, you should visit your doctor immediately, because breast cancer is much more common than diabetic mastopathy.

Initially, a primary image that includes mammography is used and can be used to diagnose biopsy or even remove it in some cases. Additionally, a HbA1c test may be prescribed to assess the level of glucose in people with diabetes and whether they are at risk for complications such as diabetic mastopathy.

Treatment of diabetic mastopathy
Massage and chest lesions may be removed through surgery, but they are believed to grow again within five years and can increase their number and size over time. For this reason, an ultrasound biopsy that eliminates the central portion of the masses is recommended by physicians.

Recurrence can be widespread, it seems that diabetic mastopathy does not expose people to breast cancer and the masses of mastopathy will not become cancerous.

The big difference between the masses of the cancer and the masses of the mastopathy is that these masses are not painful, unlike the cancerous masses. And they are distributed in a breast, or in both breasts, individually or dispersed. These conditions are not a grave state or stage before deterioration, but rather as a self-limiting condition that does not require special treatment.

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References:

  1. https://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/diseases/8322/diabetic-mastopathy
  2. https://www.diabetes.co.uk/diabetes-complications/diabetic-mastopathy.html
  3. https://www.news-medical.net/health/Treatment-and-Prognosis-for-Diabetic-Mastopathy.aspx

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Fatemeh Ghorbani

Fatemeh Ghorbani

فاطمه قربانی هستم، لیسانس ژنتیک، به علوم نوین پزشکی و ایمونولوژی علاقمندم. از شما دوست گرامی بخاطر مطالعه این مقاله و همچنین مجموعه تریتا بخاطر فرصت انتشار مطالبم در راستای کمک به ارتقای دانش کمال تشکر دارم. شاد باشید و سلامت

my name is Fatemeh Ghorbani, I have a B.S in genetics and interested in immunology and medical science. I believe that, even into the smallest acts, should be put our heart, mind and soul. Thank you for reading my article