What is dementia or dementia?
Dementia or dementia are general names for describing the reduction of mental abilities such as remembering and other intellectual abilities that are considered sufficient for everyday routine. In fact, dementia is not a specific disease, and memory loss is just one of a kind of dementia or dementia. Alzheimer's disease can be considered the most common type of dementia or dementia. This disease accounts for 60 to 80 percent of dementia cases. Vascular dementia, which occurs after a stroke, is also the second most common type of dementia. However, there are other conditions that may have signs of dementia, and in some cases can be improved. Thyroid problems and vitamin deficiency are one of these conditions.
In most cases, dementia is known as aging or dementia. Meanwhile, belief in the sharp decline in mental abilities as part of the age-old process is incorrect.
Loss of memory and other symptoms of dementia
Although symptoms of dementia can be very diverse, it is generally said that at least two of the main subjective functions of the following should be significantly impacted by the symptoms of dementia:
Communication and language
The ability to focus and attention
Argument and judgment
People with dementia or dementia may have short-term memory impairment, confusion about things like wallet or pocket quality, forgetting paying bills and bills, having trouble planning and preparing food, having trouble remembering appointments or time. Travel tickets and more.
Many of the dementias are gradually becoming more advanced. This means that at first mild symptoms appear in the person and then slowly begin to worsen. For this reason, it is advisable to consult a doctor if you have memory problems, so that you may be diagnosed with a verbal assessment of the condition to be treated. Even if symptoms are symptomatic of dementia, timely referral to the physician gives the patient a chance to take advantage of the benefits of existing treatments for the disease, as well as an opportunity to plan for the future.
Symptoms of dementia
Dementia caused by damage to brain cells. This damage interferes with the ability of brain cells to communicate with one another. When brain cells can not communicate with each other, thinking, behaviors, and emotions will be affected.
The brain has many distinct parts, each of which has the function of performing a function such as memory, judgment, movement, and so on. When the cells of a specific area of the brain are damaged, the brain will not be able to perform that function normally.
Different types of dementia are associated with certain types of brain cell damage in different parts of the brain. For example, in Alzheimer's disease, high levels of certain proteins, inside and outside of the brain cells, cause the cells in this part of the brain to not maintain their health and communicate with other cells. The part of the brain called the hippocampus is the learning and memory center in the brain, and the brain cells in this area often see the first damage. For this reason, memory loss is one of the primary signs of dementia.
Although most of the cerebral changes that cause dementia are permanent and worsen over time, some thinking and memory related disorders that are followed by the following illnesses and problems may gradually improve:
Side effects of medications
Overdose of alcohol
Detection of dementia or dementia
There is currently no test to determine whether a person is suffering from dementia or dementia. Alzheimer's doctors and other types of dementia are identified by carefully examining the patient's medical history, physical examination, laboratory tests, and individual changes in thinking, performance, and behavior of the patient every day. In this way, doctors can tell with high probability that there is a person with dementia. But what it is difficult to comment on is the diagnosis of dementia, because many types of dementia have similar symptoms and overlap.
Ways to treat dementia
Treatment for dementia depends on its type. In the case of advanced dementias, such as Alzheimer's disease, there is currently no treatment or care that prevents the progression of the disease or slows down its development. However, there are some medications that may temporarily improve the symptoms of these diseases. Drugs used to treat Alzheimer's are the same drugs that are prescribed to help relieve the symptoms of other types of dementia. In addition, some non-medical treatments may reduce some of the symptoms of dementia.
Finally, it can be said that finding new effective therapies for dementia is due to increased research budgets and increased activity in clinical studies. Volunteers are now heavily involved in clinical trials and tests on Alzheimer's and other types of dementia.
The risk of dementia and its prevention
Some risk factors associated with dementia or dementia, such as age and genetics, can not be changed. However, researchers are investigating the effects of other risk factors on brain health and prevention of dementia. Some of the most promising areas for reducing and preventing dementia include cardiovascular, fitness and dietary factors.