What is breast cancer?
Breast cancer or breast cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in breast cells. This cancer is the most common cancer among American women after skin cancer. Breast cancer can occur both in women and in men, however, this type of cancer is much more common in women. Fortunately, in recent years, significant advocacy for breast cancer awareness and research funding has led to improvements in the diagnosis and treatment of this disease.
The number of people who survived the disease has increased, and with the help of early diagnosis of breast cancer, and more information about it, the mortality rate of this type of cancer is constantly decreasing.
Types of Breast Cancer
Types of Breast Cancer include:
Indigestion from origin of cancer
Inflammatory breast cancer
Invasive Cancer with the Origin of Milky Cells
Male Breast Cancer
Paget's breast cancer or cancer spread to the nipple
Recurrent breast cancer
Symptoms of Breast Cancer
Symptoms of breast cancer may include:
There is a mass or rigidity in the breast, which is felt differently from the surrounding area.
Changes in the size, shape and appearance of the breast
Change the color of the skin on the breast like it is lacerated
Peeling, peeling, thickening, or raising the skin around the nipples or other parts of the skin.
Red and the spot on the skin on the breast and the appearance of a condition like orange skin in it
It is recommended that you see your doctor if you feel these symptoms, even if the result of a recent mammogram is normal, so you do not miss the chance of early diagnosis of a condition.
Causes of Breast Cancer
Doctors know that breast cancer occurs when some of the breast cells begin to grow abnormal. Breast cancer cells are divided into healthy cells faster and their division continues to form a gland or lump. These cancer cells may spread through the breast to the lymph nodes or other parts of the body. This phenomenon is called metastasis.
Breast cancer often begins with breast milk cells (invasive carcinoma). Breast cancer may also begin with tissue of the lobular glands (invasive lobular carcinoma) or in other cells and tissues within the breast.
Researchers have identified hormones, lifestyle and environmental factors as one of the factors that can increase the risk of breast cancer. But this issue has not yet been answered why some people, despite the absence of risk factors, are diagnosed with breast cancer, others who have a risk factor do not suffer from the disease. Breast cancer is likely to be the result of complex interactions and interactions between the individual's genetic makeup and its environment.
Hereditary Breast Cancer
Doctors estimate that about 5 to 10 percent of breast cancers are related to gene mutations. Some of the mutated genes are inherited by a person, which increases the risk of a person having breast cancer. The most known genes are Breast Cancer Gene (BRCA1) and Breast Cancer Gene (BRCA2), both of which significantly increase the risk of developing breast cancer and ovarian cancer.
If a person has a family history of breast cancer or other types of cancer, the doctor may ask for a blood test to detect specific mutations in the BRCA or other genes that are inherited from the family. In addition, it is likely that the physician will refer the patient to a genetic counselor in order to review his family's health record.
Genetic counselor can talk about the benefits, dangers and limitations of genetic tests to the patient, helping them decide on the best way to deal with their illness.
Risk factors associated with breast cancer
Risk factors associated with breast cancer are factors that increase the risk of developing a disease. It should be noted that having one or more risk factors does not mean that a person will develop breast cancer because many people, even though they have several risk factors for the disease, still do not have breast cancer. . Risk factors associated with breast cancer are:
Women are more likely to develop breast cancer than men.
2- Age aging:
Increasing the age increases the risk of breast cancer.
3. An Individual History Related to Breast Condition:
If a person has previously had a mammary biopsy that leads to localized cancers of lobular origin (LCIS) or atypical breast hyperlipidemia, the risk of breast cancer increases in her case.
4. Individual history of breast cancer:
If you have a history of breast cancer, the risk of breast cancer in another breast increases.
5. Family history of breast cancer:
If a mother, sister or a certain person, especially at an earlier age, develops breast cancer, the risk of developing a cancer increases.
Some gene mutations that increase the likelihood of breast cancer may be inherited in person.
7. Exposure to radiation:
If a person is treated with radiation in a child or young child in the breast, the risk of developing breast cancer increases in adulthood.
8. Early maturity:
When a girl's puberty and her menstrual cycle begin before she reaches the age of 12, the risk of cancer