What are the differences between lactose intolerance and Crohn's disease?

Crohn's disease and lactose intolerance can cause the same digestive symptoms, such as diarrhea and abdominal pain. However, the causes of these two treatments and their treatment are completely different. Crohn's disease is a long-term illness that causes gastrointestinal inflammation. In fact, the disease is a type of inflammatory bowel disease. Lactose intolerance is a condition in which a person can not digest a kind of sugar called lactose in milk and other dairy products. Of course, as mentioned, people with lactose intolerance when taking lactose-containing foods develop symptoms similar to Crohn's disease.

According to estimates, 3 million adults in the United States suffer from Crohn's disease. It shows the incidence of lactose intolerance in 30 to 50 million adults in the United States.

In this article, we will look at the details of Crohn's disease and lactose intolerance, and we will compare the causes, symptoms, risk factors, diagnosis and treatment of these.

Crohn's disease
The exact cause of Crohn's disease is unclear, but doctors think that the disease has autoimmune diseases. In autoimmune diseases, the immune system mistakenly attacks the body's own body tissues. In addition, experts believe that the genetics of individuals and other factors, such as smoking or previous infections, may have an effective role in this condition.

Crohn's disease can be created anywhere on the digestive tract, however, it often affects the small intestine or the intestinal tract. This inflammation can involve multiple points in the digestive tract simultaneously, and the symptoms associated with it can vary significantly.

lactose intolerance
People who have lactose intolerance are not enough to make lactose digestive enzymes, lactase, because they can not digest this type of sugar. The lactase enzyme breaks down lactose sugar and turns it into two types of glucose called glucose and galactose.

Hemostatized lactose moves in the large intestine, where bacteria stimulate it. This process leads to the formation of gases and liquids that ultimately cause symptoms of lactose intolerance.

Lactose intolerance affects different individuals in different ways. Some people can eat small amounts of lactose without experiencing an unpleasant symptom of the disease, while others can not eat lactose-rich foods at all.

There are three main types of lactose intolerance:

Primary lactose intolerance is due to the presence of a gene in the body of some individuals. Symptoms of this kind of intolerance to lactose, after, are shown in the infants' milk.
The second type of lactose intolerance occurs when a disease affects the small intestine. This kind of lactose intolerance is occasionally temporary.
Congenital lactose intolerance that begins from birth and is also a rare form of the problem.
Crohn's disease symptoms and lactose intolerance
Crohn's symptoms and lactose intolerance, as indicated, are overlapping. Both diseases have the following symptoms:

Diarrhea
Abdominal cramps or pain
nausea
However, each of these two diseases has its own symptoms.

Symptoms of Crohn's disease
Reduce appetite
Unwanted weight loss
Anemia
Irritation and reddening of the skin or eyes
Fatigue
Fever
Pain or arthritis
Blood feces in rare cases
Symptoms of Crohn's disease significantly depend on where the gastrointestinal infection develops and its severity.

Symptoms of lactose intolerance
Gas
Bloating
Vomit
Sounding the stomach
Risk factors for Crohn's disease and lactose intolerance
The risk factors differ from each other in the two diseases.

Risk factors for Crohn's disease
Many environmental factors may increase the risk of Crohn's disease. These factors include:

smoking
Taking oral contraceptives
Gastrointestinal infections
Use of antibiotics
Appendicitis surgery
In addition, some genetic factors may increase the risk of Crohn's disease.

Lactose intolerance risk factors
The following factors increase the risk of lactose intolerance:

Early birth
Infections, diseases, or problems that cause damage to the small intestine. These problems include inflammatory bowel disease and celiac disease.
Genetic factors
Lactose intolerance is more common in areas where people are less likely to use milk and other dairy products. For example, 90 percent of East Asian tribes suffer from lactose intolerance.

Crohn's detection and lactose intolerance
Diagnosis of both problems involves physical examination and assessment of medical history.

Diagnosis of Crohn's disease
To diagnose Crohn's disease, the doctor uses various tests and scans:

Blood tests to check for signs of inflammation
Stool test
Endoscopy and colonoscopy
X-ray or CT scan
The doctor may use a combination of these tests to diagnose the disease.

Lactose intolerance diagnosis
In order to detect lactose intolerance, the patient is first required to avoid lactose containing foods for several weeks. If symptoms have resolved after discontinuation of the food, the patient's probability is probably lactose intolerance.

In some cases, the doctor may ask the patient to perform a respiratory test of hydrogen. This test involves drinking a liquid containing a small amount of lactose. After that, the patient is asked for 2 to 3 hours, every 15 to 30 minutes

References:

  1. https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/323272.php

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Arash Shamsi

Arash Shamsi

آرش شمسی هستم. فلسفه می‌خوانم و می‌نویسم‌. ولی پیش از هر فلسفیدنی، بر سلامت می‌بایست متمرکز بود. چه آن‌که به قول شوپنهاور: «یک شاه بیمار از یک گدای سالم بدبخت‌تر است». امیدوارم آن‌چه که ترجمه می‌کنم، به کارتان بیاید.

I'm Arash Shamsi. A Writer. I write philosophy and live with philosophers. But health is more important than philosophy. In here, I translate the best articles about health, fitness and etc.