Acute kidney failure occurs when your kidneys suddenly lose the ability to filter out the waste. When your kidneys lose their ability to filter, dangerous levels of waste can be accumulated and your chemical composition may drop out of balance.
This type of failure, also known as acute renal damage, grows rapidly, usually in less than a few days. This disorder is more common in people currently admitted to the hospital, especially in people who are severely ill and in need of special care.
Acute renal failure can be fatal and requires special treatment. However, acute renal failure may be reversible. If you have a good health condition, your kidney function may improve normally or close to normal.
Acute kidney failure symptoms
Signs and symptoms of acute renal failure may include:
Reducing urination, although sometimes the rate of excretion remains normal.
Fluid retention causes swelling in the ankles and legs
Shortness of breath
Pain or chest pressure
Seizures or coma in severe cases
Sometimes, acute renal failure does not cause any symptoms and is diagnosed through laboratory tests that are performed for another reason.
What is the cause of acute kidney failure?
This disorder may occur when:
You have a condition that slows the blood flow of the kidneys.
You will experience direct damage to your kidneys.
Your urine drainage pipes are blocked by your kidneys (ureter) and the waste can not pass through your urine.
Diseases and conditions that may slow the blood flow of the kidneys and cause kidney damage
Loss of blood or fluid
Blood Pressure Medications
Use of aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others), Naproxen sodium (Aleve, others) or related medications
Severe allergic reaction (anaphylaxis)
Dehydration of the body
Damage to the kidneys
Diseases, conditions and factors that may damage the kidneys and lead to acute renal failure
Blood clots in the veins and arteries in and around the kidneys
Cholesterol deposits that stop blood flow in the kidneys
Glomerulonephritis, inflammation of small filters in the kidneys (glomeruli)
Hemolytic uremic syndrome, a disease caused by the early destruction of red blood cells.
Lupus, a disorder of the immune system that causes glomerulonephritis.
Medications, like some chemotherapy drugs, antibiotics and dyes used in imaging tests.
Scleroderma is a group of rare diseases that affect the skin and connective tissues.
Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura is a rare blood disease.
Toxins, Alcohol, Heavy Metals and Cocaine.
The destruction of muscle tissue (rhabdomyolysis), which causes kidney damage caused by toxins from muscle tissue destruction.
Destruction of tumor cells (a lysis tumor syndrome), which leads to the release of toxins that can cause kidney damage.
Urinary blockage in the kidneys.
Diseases and conditions that prevent the passage of urine outside the body (urinary obstruction) and can lead to acute kidney damage.
Blood clots in the urethra.
Nerve damage is related to the nerves that control the bladder.
When should I go to a doctor?
If you have signs or symptoms of acute renal failure, see your doctor immediately or seek specialist care.
Causes of acute renal failure
Acute kidney failure is almost always associated with another disease or medical event. Conditions that increase the risk of acute renal failure include:
Hospitalization, especially for a serious condition requiring special care
Blockage of blood vessels in your arms or legs (peripheral arterial disease)
High blood pressure
Some cancers and their treatments
What acute renal failure can the body organs damage?
Possible complications of acute renal failure include:
1- Liquid retention
Acute renal failure can lead to fluid accumulation in your lungs, which can lead to shortness of breath.
If the cover that covers your heart (pericardium) becomes inflamed, you may experience chest pain.
3. Muscle weakness
When the fluids and electrolytes of your body (the chemical composition of the blood) are removed from the balance, it can lead to muscle weakness.
4. Permanent kidney damage
Sometimes acute renal failure causes permanent loss of kidney function or end stage renal disease. People with end-stage renal disease require a kidney transplant to survive, or they should be dialyzed permanently. Dialysis is referred to as a mechanical filtration process used to remove toxins and waste materials from the body.
Acute renal failure can lead to loss of kidney function and ultimately death.
Prevention of acute renal failure
It is usually difficult to predict or prevent acute renal failure. But by taking care of the kidneys, you can reduce the risk of your infection. try:
Note the expiry date of the over-the-counter drug you receive.
There are instructions for use in over-the-counter pain medications such as aspirin, acetaminophen (tylenol, others), ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others) and naproxen sodium (Aleve).