Diabetes mellitus is a disorder in blood sugar. There are two main types of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes occurs when blood glucose levels rise because the body stops producing insulin. (Insulin is a hormone that balances blood sugar levels). Type 2 diabetes is associated with high blood sugar levels because insulin does not work properly in the body. The differences between the two types of diabetes are as follows:
Type 1 diabetes is treated with insulin injections. It is essential to have a proper diet and planning for physical activity to prevent complications.
Type 2 diabetes helps you measure your lifestyle, medicines that get through the mouth and sometimes treat insulin.
Drugs for Type 1 Diabetes:
Treatment for type 1 diabetes is always done with the help of insulin. This is done to replace the lost insulin and to control your blood glucose.
Treatment of diabetes with insulin
Usually, the patient tries to inject insulin under the skin under these conditions. In some cases, insulin is injected into the hospital. It can also be provided to the patient in powder form. Insulin injections vary based on their rate of action, peak activity, and the duration of their survival. The goal is to imitate insulin production throughout the day.
Other medications available for type 1 diabetes:
Metformin is one of the drugs used by people with type 1 diabetes, but keep in mind that this drug is mainly for type 2 diabetes. The following medications can be used for type 1 diabetes, all of which are classified as non-insulin-like drugs:
Incrintin mimics that mimic antinin hormone and stimulate insulin release after food.
Glucagon is used to improve blood glucose levels. It is used when blood glucose levels have dropped significantly due to insulin.
Drugs for Type 2 Diabetes:
Insulin can be used to manage high levels of glucose in type 2 diabetes, but this treatment is only used when other treatments are not effective. Women who are pregnant with type 2 diabetes may use insulin to reduce the effects of the disease on the embryo.
In people who still have high blood glucose levels despite lifestyle changes, non-insulin drugs can reduce blood sugar levels. Most medications are combined to make them more effective.
This type of medicine improves insulin secretion in the blood. The following drugs are most commonly used and have fewer side effects:
Glyburide (DiaBeta, Glynase, Micronase)
Old sulphonylureas include:
Tolbutamide (Orinase, Tol-Tab)
These drugs also improve insulin secretion. These drugs can be effective in spreading insulin throughout the meal.
The effect of anemia is to increase the effect of insulin. These drugs reduce the amount of glucose released in the body. Metformin is the only one that is used in the United States.
These drugs reduce the tissue's resistance to insulin effects. These drugs are roughly new drugs and should be investigated for safety reasons. These drugs should not be used in patients who have problems with heart failure.
Alpha Glucosidase Inhibitors:
These drugs cause carbohydrates to be digested and slowly absorbed. This reduces glucose levels in the blood after a meal.
These are new drugs that are used. One of their effects is to slow down glucose uptake.
Does not contain alogliptin
Oral Combined Drugs:
There are a variety of products that combine some of the drugs listed in the previous sections. These medications include:
Alogliptin and Metformin
Alogliptin and pioglitazone
Glipizide and Metformin
Glyburide and Metformin
Linagliptin and metformin
Pioglitazone and glimepiride
Pioglitazone and Metformin
Repaglinide and metformin
Rosiglitazone and glimepiride
Rosiglitazone and Metformin
Saxagliptin and Metformin
Sitagliptin and Metformin
Other medicines used to treat diabetes:
An alkaloid, called bromocriptine (Cycloset), has been approved for type 2 diabetes. It is not recommended to take this medicine along with other diabetes medications. Some drugs used to prevent complications of diabetes include:
Diabetes-related cardiovascular risks are managed with the help of statins to lower blood cholesterol levels. Aspirin at low doses may also be used.
High blood pressure is treated with ACE inhibitors. These drugs prevent or manage kidney complications caused by diabetes.
Weight loss is a key component of diabetes management and prevention. Medication can also help with these conditions.
New Developments in Diabetes Drugs:
Insulin can not be consumed through the mouth because it breaks down the hormone. This means that the main method for reaching the body through the bloodstream is after subcutaneous injection or insulin pump. Other methods were also examined