Colds and important recommendations to prevent it

Colds: Protect yourself and others
Sore throat and runny nose are usually the first symptoms of a cold that lasts with sneezing and coughing. You can reduce the risk of colds: regularly wash your hands, avoid close contact with sick people, and do not touch your face with washed hands.

Colds are the main cause of children's absence from school and adults. There are millions of colds every year in countries. Adults, on average, 2 to 3 times, and children are even more affected by the common cold. Many people get colds in the winter and spring, but there is a chance of getting them at any time of the year.

Symptoms common in the common cold:
Sore throat
Rhinorrhea
Cough
Sneeze
Headache
Body pain
Many people will recover within 7 to 10 days. However, people with a weak immune system, asthma or respiratory illness may develop serious illnesses, such as bronchitis or pneumonia. Help reduce the risk of colds by washing hands with soap and water.

Practice coughing and sneezing correctly. Always cough or sneeze at a tissue or upper sleeve, completely cover your nose and mouth.

How to protect ourselves?
Cold-borne viruses can be transmitted from people infected through air or close contact with others. Even if you are in contact with supplies or respiratory secretions, you may become infected. This can be done by touching your eyes, mouth, or nose when you are abusing a person or touching a level, such as a knob, with a respiratory virus on it.

You can help reduce the risk of colds
Wash your hands with soap and water. Rinse your hands for 20 seconds and help children do the same. If you do not have soap and water available, use an alcoholic disinfectant. Cold-borne viruses can ring on your hands, and regular handwashing can help you protect yourself from colds.
Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth with your hands. The viruses that cause the cold can enter your body and make you sick.
Stay away from sick people. Patients can transmit the viruses that cause the cold through close contacts with others.
How to protect others?
If you have a cold, consider these tips to prevent the transmission of disease to others:

Stay at home when you are sick.
Avoid close contact with others. Like hugging, kissing or losing.
Get rid of others before sneezing and coughing.
With a tissue, sneeze and cough, then throw it away.
Wash your hands after coughing, sneezing, or healing.
Disinfect the surfaces that are most touching and objects such as toys and handles.
How to feel better?
There is no treatment and vaccine to protect against colds. To feel better, you should rest and drink plenty of fluids. Medicines without medical prescription may help relieve symptoms but do not kill you. Always read the label and then take it.

Talk to your doctor before giving a cold medicine without a medical prescription, because some medicines have contents that are not recommended for children. Antibiotics do not help to improve the cold caused by cold virus. They do not work against viruses, and if you take antibiotics unhealthy, it may weaken your immune system against bacterial infections that may be present in the future.

When should I go to a doctor?
If you or your child have one or more of these, contact your doctor:

Symptoms that persist for more than 10 days.
Symptoms that are unusual and severe.
If your baby is less than 3 months old and has fever or lethargy.
You should contact your doctor if you are at serious risk of developing the flu that has symptoms like fever, chills and muscle or body pain. People at risk for influenza include:

Children (children under 5 years of age)
Older people 65 years old and more
Pregnant women
People with diseases such as asthma, diabetes and heart disease
Your doctor can determine whether you or your child has a cold or flu, and can recommend a plan for relieving symptoms.

Causes of colds
Many respiratory viruses can cause colds, but rino viruses are the most common types. Rhinoplasty can also cause asthma attacks, and is associated with sinus and ear infections. Other viruses that can cause colds include:

Adenovirus
Corona is a human virus
Sinisal respiratory virus
Influenza virus
Human Metaphane Virus
What is the difference between colds and influenza?
Influenza caused by influenza virus. At the same time, it also causes the transmission of colds and illness. Because the two diseases have similar symptoms. It's difficult to say the difference (just not impossible), based on the signs.

In general, flu symptoms are worse than the common cold, and include fever, chills, coughing, sore throat, runny nose, dry nose, pain.

References:

  1. https://www.cdc.gov/features/rhinoviruses/index.html

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Hafez Bari Borachalo

Hafez Bari Borachalo

حافظ بری بوراچالو هستم. دانشجوی رشته پرستاری و همچنین به عنوان مترجم فعالیت می‌کنم و خوشحال می‌شوم که به شما کمک کنم چرا که یک پرستار بودن به معنای نگه داشتن تمام اشک‌های خود و شروع به طراحی لبخند بر چهره مردم است.

I am hafez bari boorachaloo. I am a nursing student and also I work as a translator. I will be happy to help you because being a nurse means to hold all your own tears and start drawing smiles on peaple faces.