What do you know about Addison's disease?

What is Addison's disease?
The adrenal glands, as their name suggests, are located above the kidneys and produce many of the hormones the body needs for their normal functioning. Each of these glands is composed of two parts of the cortex and the brain: Madula. Now, with this description, Addison's disease can occur when the corpuscles of these glands are damaged and the adrenocortical glands do not produce enough cortisol and aldosterone steroid hormones.

The cortisol hormone regulates the body's response to stressful conditions, and the work of aldosterone also helps regulate sodium and potassium in the body.

Illness symptoms of Addison
Individuals with Addison's disease may experience the following symptoms:

Weakness in the muscles
Fatigue
Faint
Reduce appetite and weight
Wound in the mouth
Darkening of the skin
Low blood sugar level
The tendency to eat salt
Nausea or vomiting
Irritability or depression
These symptoms should be taken seriously, as if the condition of Addison's illness is not treated for a long time, conditions for the Addison's crisis may be provided. The Addison crisis is a very dangerous situation that can even lead to death.

The causes of Addison's disease
There are two main categories for Addison's disease: one primary failure of the adrenal glands and the other secondary failure of the adrenal glands. To treat Addison's disease, your doctor needs to know which of these have occurred in the patient's body:

1. Primary adrenal insufficiency
The initial failure of the adrenal glands occurs when the adrenal glands are severely damaged and can no longer produce hormone. This type of Addison disease occurs when your immune system attacks the adrenal glands. In fact, this type of Addison's disease is an autoimmune disease. Autoimmune diseases are caused by an immune system attack on the part of the body. In such a situation, the immune system confuses part of the body with the virus, the bacteria or the entire external invader, and attacks it.

Except for the immune system, the following can also be considered as causes of primary failure of the adrenal glands:

Long-term consumption of glucocorticoids (such as prednisone)
Infection in the body
Cancer and tumor
Take some blood diluents
Secondary renal failure
However, secondary failure of the adrenocortical glands occurs when the pituitary gland is unable to produce adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH). This hormone tells the adrenal glands when hormones are produced. In addition, the secondary cause of the adrenal gland secondary failure is the lack of prescriptions for corticosteroid medications. These medications can help control chronic diseases.

Who is at risk for Adison's disease?

People with one or more of the following are more likely to develop Addison disease than others:

Cancer
Chronic infections such as tuberculosis
Autoimmune diseases such as type 1 diabetes or Graves' disease
Also, those who use anticoagulant drugs are more likely to develop Addison's disease than others.

Treatment of Addison's disease
Certain treatment can not be prescribed for Addison, since the condition depends on the condition, the incidence of the disease, the condition of the Adisson disease, and the like. But in general, the doctor may prescribe medications that regulate the activity of the adrenal glands. Follow the instructions of the doctor is absolutely necessary because if you do not treat Addison's disease, the risk of the Addison's crisis will be higher, as discussed above.

Some of the things your doctor may take to treat Addison's disease include:

1- Medication:
You may need to take a combination of glucocorticoid medications. In addition, the doctor may also prescribe a series of hormones to replace hormones that do not produce adequate levels of the adrenal glands.

2- Home treatment:
The patient should ask the doctor to prescribe a prescription for injectable corticosteroids for emergencies, to accompany the patient altogether. In addition, the patient should always have a medical alert card so that others are aware of his or her condition.

3. Alternative treatments:
It's important for an addict patient to always keep his stress level low. It's best to keep your stress level low, use yoga, meditation and the like.

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References:

  1. https://www.healthline.com/health/addisons-disease#symptoms

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Arash Shamsi

Arash Shamsi

آرش شمسی هستم. فلسفه می‌خوانم و می‌نویسم‌. ولی پیش از هر فلسفیدنی، بر سلامت می‌بایست متمرکز بود. چه آن‌که به قول شوپنهاور: «یک شاه بیمار از یک گدای سالم بدبخت‌تر است». امیدوارم آن‌چه که ترجمه می‌کنم، به کارتان بیاید.

I'm Arash Shamsi. A Writer. I write philosophy and live with philosophers. But health is more important than philosophy. In here, I translate the best articles about health, fitness and etc.