Diagnosis of chronic renal failure
Your doctor asks you for your first step in diagnosing kidney disease about your personal and family history. Among other things, your doctor may ask you if you have high blood pressure, if you take medications that may affect your kidney function, if you have a change in your urinary tract, and whether your family member has an illness Kidney, you will be asked.
Next, your doctor will perform a physical examination, as well as check the symptoms of heart and blood vessels, and will also perform a neurological examination. To diagnose kidney disease, you may need specific tests such as:
Blood tests: The kidney function tests check the amount of wastes, such as creatinine and urea, at your blood level.
Urinalysis: An analysis of a sample of your urine may reveal abnormalities that indicate chronic renal failure and help identify the cause of chronic kidney disease.
Imaging tests: Your doctor may use ultrasound to check the size and structure of your kidneys. In some cases, other imaging tests may be used.
Take a sample of kidney tissue for testing: Your doctor may recommend a kidney biopsy to take an example of kidney tissue. Kidney biopsy is often performed with local anesthetics using a long and thin needle that enters your skin and into your kidneys. A biopsy sample is sent to the lab for testing to determine what is causing your kidney problem.
Methods of treatment for kidney failure
Depending on the underlying cause, some types of kidney disease can be treated. Often, though, the chronic kidney disease does not have any cure. Treatment usually involves actions taken to control symptoms and symptoms, reduce complications, and slow progression of the disease. If your kidneys are severely damaged, you may need the treatment of the last stage, ie the kidney transplant.
2- Treatment based on symptoms and complications:
Your doctor will try to control or slow down the course of kidney disease. Treatment options vary depending on the symptoms. But kidney damage can even worsen by controlling an underlying condition such as high blood pressure. You can control the side effects of kidney disease in order to feel more comfortable. Treatment may include:
High blood pressure medications: People with kidney disease may experience a worsening of high blood pressure. Your doctor may recommend medications to lower your blood pressure. Commonly used angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors or angiotensin-2 receptor blockers to maintain renal function. High blood pressure medications can initially lower your kidney function and alter electrolyte levels, so you may need to have frequent blood tests to control your condition. Your doctor may also recommend a depleted urine (a diuretic) and a low-salt diet.
Medications to lower your cholesterol levels: Your doctor may recommend medications called statins to lower your cholesterol. People with chronic kidney disease often experience a high level of bad cholesterol, which can increase the risk of heart disease.
Medications for the treatment of anemia: In certain cases, the doctor may recommend erythropoietin (uh-rith-roe-POI-uh-tin) supplements, sometimes adding iron. Erythropoietin supplements help in the production of red blood cells, which can reduce the fatigue and weakness of the anemia.
Medications to eliminate swelling: People with chronic kidney disease may have fluid retention. This can lead to swelling in the legs. Drugs called diuretics can help maintain fluid balance in your body.
Medications to protect your bones: Your doctor may prescribe calcium and vitamin D supplements to prevent bone weakness and reduce the risk of bone fractures. A low-protein diet to minimize waste in your blood. As your body absorbs protein from food, it produces waste that your kidneys need to filter out of your blood. Your doctor may advise you to use less protein to reduce your kidney function. Your doctor may also ask you to a dietitian. Which can provide you with a low-protein diet at the same time.
Your doctor may recommend follow-up tests at regular intervals to see if your kidney disease changes or progresses.
Treatment of the last stage of kidney disease
If your kidneys can not repel excreted substances alone or you are at a complete or near complete failure of the kidney, you are at the last stage of kidney disease. At that time, you need dialysis or kidney transplants.
Dialysis: Dialysis artificially repels products and fluids from your blood, when your kidneys are not able to do so. In hemodialysis, a device filters out extra fluids and excess fluid from your blood. In peritoneal dialysis, a thin tube (catheter) enters your abdomen and fill your abdominal cavity with a dialysis solution that can absorb excess fluids and waste materials. After a while, the dialysis solution drains from your body and carries out excrement.
Kidney Transplant: A kidney transplant involves placing a healthy kidney from a donor in your body. Bonded kidneys can be deceased or live donors. You must be in with