Know more about urinary tract infection

What is urinary tract infection?
Urinary tract infection is a common infection that affects the bladder, kidneys and associated tubes. Anyone may experience this infection, but it's more common in women, and some women regularly cope with it. Urinary tract infection can be painful and unpleasant. But usually after a few days, antibiotics are treated.

This article examines the urinary tract infection in adults that differs from infections in children.

Signs and alertness of urinary tract infection
Symptoms of bladder and urinary tract infection (acute urinary tract infection)

Frequent urination
Feeling pain and burning when urinating
Sudden feeling of need to urinate
Feeling pain under the abdomen
Feeling unable to complete bladder emptying
Poor urine or blood in the urine
Feeling sadness, pain and fatigue
Infection of the kidneys and urethra (acute urinary tract infection)
In addition to the above signs, you can also have these symptoms:

Fever 38 degrees or higher
Pain on the sides and back
Chill
Feeling dizzy and confused
When should you go to a doctor?
If you feel that you have a severe urinary tract infection, especially if you see the following symptoms, you should consult your doctor:

If you see signs of a high urinary tract infection
Symptoms of the disease are severe and also worsening
The disease has not improved after a few days
You are regularly and regularly infected with urine
An Urologist may ask for a urine culture test for further examination of signs and symptoms, and prescribe antibiotics if necessary.

Possible treatments for urinary tract infection
This infection is usually treated with a short period of antibiotic use. Most women use antibiotics from tablets or capsules for three days.

In men, pregnant women, and people with more severe and chronic infections, the treatment may be slightly longer. Typically, after three to four days of taking the medication, signs of the disease improve. But do not stop taking your antibiotic course even if you feel better. Analgesics like paracetamol can help relieve pain and fever. Also, drinking plenty of fluids is helpful. If you do not recover after treatment, and get worse or the infection recurs, see your doctor.

Causes of Urinary Tract Infection
Urinary tract infections usually occur when the urinary tract is infected by bacteria. In most cases, the bacteria enter the intestines and the abdomen into the urinary tract. This happens when you use toilet paper to dry yourself, or you are either going to the urethra or near the urethra, but the exact cause of the illness is still unclear.

The following may increase your risk of developing urinary tract infections:

Factors blocking the flow of urinary tract like kidney stones
Problem with complete emptying of the bladder
Use of a contraceptive diaphragm and a condom containing spermicidal material
Diabetes
A weak immune system, for example, a weakened immune system due to chemotherapy or AIDS
Use the catheter to drain urine
Enlarged prostate gland in men
If you keep your urine and go to the bathroom in the long run
You are a woman who is riding repeatedly and using a bicycle
You use certain medications such as antihistamines
Menopause in women
The probability of women getting infected is more because the length of the urethra is shorter than that of men and is closer to the anus.

How to prevent urinary tract infection?
Avoid using aromatic soap and talcum powder around your genital area, use a non-odor type, preferably showering instead of using a tub.
Go soon to the bathroom and make sure that the bladder is completely drained
Drink plenty of water and fluids
When you go to the bathroom, wash your body from front to back and clean it
Immediately remove your bladder from your immediate vicinity
Do not use the contraceptive diaphragm and condoms containing spermicidal material and lubricant (lubricant), it is advisable to try other means and methods.
Preferably, the sex of your underwear is cotton, not nylon and artificial materials, avoid wearing jeans and tight pants.
Talk to your doctor, if you still have severe infections with the above, may prescribe antibiotics for a long time, or give antibiotics as soon as you see signs of infection.

There is now evidence that drinking cornebry syrup and consuming probiotic products (such as probiotic yogurt) can reduce the chance of getting it.

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References:

  1. https://www.everydayhealth.com/urinary-tract-infection/7-surprising-risk-factors-urinary-tract-infections/

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Zohre Dabagh

Zohre Dabagh

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