Estrogen is the main female sex hormone, but this hormone is present in all people. Estrogen levels are higher in women than in men, and in fact the main sex hormone in men is called testosterone. Estrogen plays a role in women's menstrual cycle and reproductive system, while the importance of this hormone in men is related to sexual function. Both women and men may have a higher estrogen level than normal, which can affect their general health, their growth and sexual function. High levels of estrogen can lead to various symptoms and increase the chance of getting some diseases. In this article, we will discuss the causes of increased levels of estrogen, its symptoms, and ultimately how to detect and treat high levels of estrogen.
Signs of high levels of estrogen in women
High levels of estrogen in women and men have different symptoms. High levels of estrogen in the body of women include:
High estrogen levels in women may cause weight gain, especially around the waist and pelvis. Excessive estrogen levels may also cause problems like the following:
Severe menstrual bleeding
Severe symptoms of premenstrual syndrome or PMS
Women with high estrogen levels may also experience other symptoms such as:
Cold hands and feet
Hard to fall asleep
Reduce sexual satisfaction
Mood changes, depression or anxiety
Swollen or sensitive breast
Non-cancerous breast masses
Uterine fibroids or non-cancerous growth of tissues in or around the uterus
Signs of high estrogen in men
The high estrogen in men has the following symptoms:
Gynecomastia or male breast enlargement
Complications of high levels of estrogen
High estrogen levels increase the likelihood of some health problems including:
Some studies indicate that men with high estrogen levels may be depressed. In 2018, a study of 4,000 adult males indicated an association between increased estradiol levels and depression symptoms in younger males. Eradyroid is a form of estrogen.
Causes of excessive levels of estrogen in the body
Both women and men may have hormonal imbalances. The patient's body may only produce more estrogen levels or, in addition to producing more estrogen, produce less hormones, such as testosterone and progesterone. In addition, estrogen levels may increase in response to some medications. For example, people who use estrogen replacement drugs to treat menopausal symptoms may experience adverse effects of estrogen uptake.
Other drugs that may increase estrogen levels include:
Some natural or herbal medicines
Phenothiazine is used to treat some psychiatric or emotional disorders
In addition to the above, family history may also increase the amount of estrogen in the body. Some diseases like obesity, ovarian tumors, and liver problems can also increase the level of estrogen in the body.
Detection of high levels of estrogen levels in the body
The normal level of estrogen varies among people and depends on factors such as age and gender. Moreover, the level of this hormone fluctuates throughout the menstrual cycle. Estrogen levels are measurable using blood tests. There are three types of estrogen in the blood:
The doctor can measure the level of these three types of estrogen with the unit of picogram per milliliter (pg / ml) using the blood test result. Estradiol is the primary form of estrogen, while steroil and estradiol are somewhat more modest.
Normal levels of estrogen in the body of different individuals
According to the Mayo Clinic Laboratories, one of the most reputable medical centers in the world, the normal levels of estradiol and estrone in the body of the various individuals are as follows:
The normal level of estradiol in women is:
Kids: up to 350 (pg / ml)
Adults: 350-15 (pg / ml)
Adults after menopause: less than 10 (pg / ml)
Normal estrogen levels in women are:
Kids: Up to 200 (pg / ml)
Adults: 200-17 (pg / ml)
Adults after menopause: 40-7 (pg / ml)
The normal level of estradiol in men is:
Kids: Up to 40 (pg / ml)
Adults: 40-10 (pg / ml)
Normal estrogen levels in men are:
Kids: up to 60 (pg / ml)
Adults: 60-10 (pg / ml)
High estrogen treatment
Eating the following foods can lower your estrogen levels:
Vegetables such as broccoli, cabbage, dumplings and cabbage
Losing weight can also reduce the amount of estrogen in the body, as it produces extra estrogen fatty acids. If the medications used to treat other diseases increase the amount of estrogen in the body, the doctor may reduce or change the dose.
The doctor may prescribe medications that reduce the amount of estrogen in the blood. For women who are at high risk of developing breast or ovarian cancer, the doctor may recommend ovarian removal. The purpose of this surgery is to reduce the amount of estrogen that the body produces.