All About AIDS, Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

What is AIDS?
AIDS is caused by the HIV virus attack on the immune system. The HIV virus attacks the T-cell CD4 cells and gradually eliminates its resistance. For this reason, those infected with AIDS are more likely to be exposed to cancer and infectious diseases.

HIV transmission ways
AIDS is a sexually transmitted disease, which is transmitted by the following methods. The ways AIDS is transmitted is:

Contact with semen
Contact with damaged tissue
Anal sex
Contact with patient's blood
Use of common needles and other injectable supplies infected with the disease
AIDS is not transmitted through this
Water
Sweat
Tear
Food
Using personal items like glass and glasses ...
Note: The virus should be transmitted through direct contact with the mucous membrane and damaged tissue that affects the other person. To transfer through a needle or syringe, the virus should be directly adjusted to the bloodstream.

 

Symptoms of the first stage of the disease
The symptoms of AIDS vary from person to person. In some people, after 2 to 4 weeks after the virus is transmitted, the person develops flu-like symptoms. This disease causes swelling of the lymph nodes in the arm and in the groin area and may appear in other people in the form of rash. Some people will not experience these symptoms for many years to come. The only way to be sure is to test blood. The symptoms of AIDS are different from step to step. The specific symptoms of the virus include:

Fever or increased body temperature
Rashes or acne and wounds that do not usually have itching
Additional symptoms such as muscle ailment, severe fatigue, night sweats and sore throats
For example, swollen swollen glands in the throat, groin, and armpit
Oral or genital wounds
Nausea, vomiting or both
The second stage is AIDS
severe headache
Fever
Fatigue
Weight Loss
Mouth ulcers
Abdominal muscle pain
This stage is called chronic HIV. At this stage, antiviral drugs are prescribed after the blood test.

Diagnosis of AIDS
HIV is often diagnosed with blood or saliva tests for antibodies to the virus. Unfortunately, your body needs 12 weeks to develop these antibodies. There is a faster test for HIV diagnosis, a protein produced by the virus immediately after infection. This protein can easily detect infection.

AIDS diagnostic tests
Testing the number of T + CD4 cells
T-cell CD4 cells are white blood cells that are infected by the HIV virus. Even when you have no information about your disease, your blood T + CD4 cell is below 200.

HIV RNA test
This test measures the amount of the virus in your blood. The doctor also tests for other infections, including the disease:

Tuberculosis
hepatitis
Toxoplasmosis
Sexually Transmitted Infections
Liver or kidney damage


cure
There is currently no cure for AIDS. But it can be controlled by some medications. This treatment is an antiretroviral therapy or ART. ART is given regardless of the number of white blood cells.

The onset of treatment
Any person with HIV infection, regardless of the number of CD4 + T cells, should use antiviral drugs. But in these cases you should start treatment as soon as possible:

Your white blood cell count is less than 350.
Be pregnant.
Have HIV-related kidney disease.
Treat for hepatitis B or C.
Some inhibitors can also fight the virus:
Transcriptase inhibitors that fight the virus: Examples include efavirenz (Sustiva), etravirine, Intelence and nevirapine Viramune.

Reverse transcriptase inhibitors: Examples of these drugs are Abacavir Ziagen and Emtricitabine / Tenofovir Truvada, Descovy Tenofovir alafenamide / Emtricitabine and Lamivudine-Zidovudine Combivir.

Protease inhibitors (PIs) The concentration of HIV proteins is another of the proteins that prevent the spread of the HIV virus. Examples include Atazanavir, Prezista Dovavere, Fazapenavir (Lexiva), and Vininavir.
Integral inhibitors act by disabling the protein called Entaga.

You may have to take medicine for the rest of your life. Naturally, any drug has its own side effects. There is no doubt about it, but some side effects may be very dangerous, so you should consult your doctor in this area.

You can simply use the membership in Trita and enter the user's area of ​​the smart doctor system, you will also be able to register your blood and AIDS test in Trita and interpret the amount of your test without a doctor. . Please refer to the Blood Tests section at the beginning of the study.

References:

  1. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hiv-aids/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20373531
  2. https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/311323.php

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Masoome Rahi

Masoome Rahi

معصومه راهی هستم،کارشناس مترجمی زبان انگلیسی،مدت ۴ سال سابقه ترجمه دارم و اعتقاد دارم تنها راه رسیدن به موفقیت انجام کاریست که بهش علاقه داری

I m masoomeh rahi and im bachelors degree in english translation.i translated in 4 years and i believe that the only way to success is to love what to do