Anemia, Causes, Symptoms and Treatment Options
Anemia or iron deficiency is a disease caused by the reduction of red blood cells or hemoglobin in the body. Hemoglobin is a major part of red blood cells and is responsible for oxygen supply in the body. If the number of your red blood cells is low or abnormal, or if your hemoglobin is abnormal or low, your body's cells will face oxygen deficiency. Symptoms of anemia such as fatigue and yellow color, and anesthetics of the hands and feet appear in the body. In this case, the body can not receive enough food to carry out its activities. Women, children and people with chronic illness are at higher risk for anemia.
Types of anemia
There are more than 400 types of anemia that are divided into three groups:
Anemia caused by bleeding
Anemia caused by red blood cell counts
Anemia caused by the destruction of red blood cells
1. Anemia caused by bleeding
The most common type of iron deficiency anemia is often in this category. When a part of the body bleeds, the body tries to fill it in the veins, which causes the water to flow in the veins. This excess water dilutes the blood.
The causes of bleeding associated with anemia include:
Digestive problems such as ulcers, hemorrhoids, cancer or gastritis
The use of NSAIDs, such as aspirin and ibuprofen
2. Anemia caused by iron deficiency
One of the most common types of anemia that can be treated with dietary changes and iron supplements. Some types of anemia, such as mild anemia that occurs during pregnancy, are even natural. However, some types of anemia may cause many problems for the person to survive.
Symptoms of iron deficiency in the body
In this type of anemia, there is not enough iron in the body. This is due to poor diet, menstruation, repeated blood donation, endurance training, special digestive conditions such as Crohn's disease, bowel surgery, and some foods.
Other common symptoms may include:
Fast or irregular heartbeat
Shortness of breath
Whitening the eyelids under the eyes
3. Anemia caused by the destruction of red blood cells
Bone marrow is a soft and sponge tissue that is essential for the production of red blood cells. The bone marrow generates stem cells that transform into red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets. A number of diseases such as leukemia can affect the bone marrow and cause excessive production of white blood cells. This disrupts the normal production of red cells. Red blood cells usually live in the body for 120 days. One type of anemia in this category is hemolytic anemia, in which the immune system mistakenly detects and attacks the red blood cells as an external substance.
Excessive hemolysis (destruction of red blood cells) can occur for many reasons, including:
Some medications, some antibiotics
Snake Snake or Spider
Artery transplantation and prosthetic heart valves
Blood clotting disorders
Enlargement of the spleen
Other anemia are due to reduced or degraded red blood cells
Anemia caused by cancer: In this case, red blood cells disappear and become abnormal quickly. Crescent-shaped blood cells also get stuck in the blood vessels and cause pain.
Anemia caused by vitamin deficiency: Vitamin B-12 and folate are both necessary for the production of red blood cells. If one of them is low in the body, red blood cell production will be very low.
Treatment of anemia
Treatment depends on the type and cause of anemia.