Causes of heartburn or gastric reflux and remedies for it

One can say that someone has a gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), the contents of the stomach, stomach acid, and even pancreatic extracts, come to the esophagus at least twice a week. Stomach reflux or headache is one of the most commonly found diseases in the world, but in Western countries, however, the incidence of this disorder is 20 to 30 percent higher than in other countries.

This text focuses on gastric reflux. The symptoms of gastric reflux, its causes, as well as methods for treating and preventing it, continue to be addressed. So if you are looking for more information on gastric reflux, please contact us at the end of this article.

Causes of gastric reflux
The stomach contains an acid called hydrochloric acid, a strong acid that decomposes gastric foods and protects the stomach against pathogens, including bacteria. Of course, this strong acid does not cause damage to the stomach itself, because the stomach has a coating to protect the acid, while Mary lacks this coating, and if the acid enters the esophagus, it can be annoying.

There is also a sphincter below the esophagus and the top of the stomach that actually acts as a valve. This means that food is fed from the esophagus to the stomach, but food does not enter the esophagus from the stomach. But for some reason, this sphincter does not work properly at some point, and therefore acid and food enter the esophagus from the stomach, and gastric reflux occurs, and the person experiences heartburn symptoms.

Gastric reflux or GERD occasionally affects and even harms people, but most of the reasons are unknown. Some of its known causes can not be prevented. For example, one of the reasons for gastric reflux is the "hiatal hernia," a cavity that allows the contents of the stomach to enter the chest, resulting in a stomach reflux.

Of course, there are a number of causes of gastric reflux that can be easily controlled and thereby preventing gastric reflux, including:

Obesity
Smoking cigarettes
lack of exercise
Some medications (such as asthma drugs, antihistamines, analgesics, sedation and antidepressants)
Of course, the role of certain foods in deteriorating gastric reflux should not be ignored. Among the foods that cause gastric reflux include:

Caffeine
Alcohol
Salt
Chocolate
Carbonated Drinks
Low-fiber diets
Salt
Also, those who are accustomed to lying down after eating will also be more likely to develop gastric reflux. Of course, the meaning of "after eating" is not necessarily the same moment, but even if it lasts up to 3 hours after eating, the risk of death of the stomach is increased to the esophagus.

Symptoms of gastric reflux
Gastric reflux generally causes burning at the top of the stomach and chest, burning, which sometimes exacerbates by bending and, even if it touches, it further hurts the person. This burning may last for several hours and often gets worse after eating.

Often, sometimes, burning is felt behind the throat and even at the back of the chest, and in some cases also in the throat, it causes a bitter taste or an unpleasant sour taste. In general, as mentioned above, if heartburn is felt more than twice a week, it can be said that the person has a stomach reflux disease.

Other symptoms of reflux include:

Dry cough
Wheeze
Bad Breath
nausea
Vomit
Feeling pain or choking in the throat
Gradual decay of teeth


Risks and complications of gastric reflux
Stomach reflux disease itself is not a dangerous disease, but if it is not treated, it can have serious side effects. In the absence of treatment for long-term gastric reflux, there is even a risk of cancer. In general, if you are regularly exposed to gastric acid, there is a risk of the following diseases:

Esophagitis (Esophageal inflammation): Gastric mucosal contact with esophagus can ultimately lead to inflammation of the esophagus.
Mary Bart: Mary Bart is a serious complication that can gradually become cancerous. The constant collision of the gastric acid with Mary's esophagus causes Mary Barthes.
Treatment for gastric reflux
There are several treatments for gastric reflux, the best of which are:

Drugs such as omeprazole, ropiperazole and ospropazole
H2 blockers including cimetidine, famotidine and ranitidine
Antacid Syrups
But the main option for those who are seriously afflicted with gastric reflux is the use of omeprazole and h2 blockers. At the pharmacy level, there are also many anti-acids that can be useful for short-term treatment. These antacids are actually used more for immediate treatment.

Most of them contain chemical compounds such as calcium carbonate, sodium bicarbonate, aluminum, and magnesium hydroxide. Except for the above drugs, there are a number of other things that can be useful for treating gastric reflux. For example, people with reflux disease are better off looking for tight clothing.

Also, cigarette smoking is one of the causes of reflux and is best left to treat reflux as soon as possible. Obesity is also one of the causes of reflux, and therefore people with reflux should be overweight if they are overweight.

Another thing to keep in mind is lying down after eating. It is best to avoid lying down for 3 hours after eating. As much as possible, dinner should be spent 3 hours before bedtime, otherwise it will be possible to feel dizzy while sleeping.

Other things that may be helpful in reducing the severity of gastric reflux symptoms include:

Chewing gum (increased saliva secretion due to chewing gum

References:

  1. https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/146619.php
  2. https://www.healthline.com/health/gerd/diet-nutrition

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Arash Shamsi

Arash Shamsi

آرش شمسی هستم. فلسفه می‌خوانم و می‌نویسم‌. ولی پیش از هر فلسفیدنی، بر سلامت می‌بایست متمرکز بود. چه آن‌که به قول شوپنهاور: «یک شاه بیمار از یک گدای سالم بدبخت‌تر است». امیدوارم آن‌چه که ترجمه می‌کنم، به کارتان بیاید.

I'm Arash Shamsi. A Writer. I write philosophy and live with philosophers. But health is more important than philosophy. In here, I translate the best articles about health, fitness and etc.