What is hemorrhoids? What are the symptoms and how does it improve?

What is hemorrhoid or hemorrhoid?
Hemorrhoids are basically masses or masses of the tissues in the anus that contain bulky blood vessels. Any increase in abdominal pressure can lead to hemorrhoids. This pressure can be caused by the following factors:

Frequent pressure on the abdomen to repel, especially in people who are constantly suffering from constipation.
Pregnancy
Persistent diarrhea
Obesity
Although there is not a clear cause for hemorrhoids in many patients.

Types of Hemorrhoids
1- Internal hemorrhoids
Internal hemorrhoids are located within the canal of the anus, mainly due to excretion, resulting in intermittent bleeding and mucus withdrawal. This mode usually does not hurt. Internal hemorrhoids may emerge from the denominator, which is small in this case and is the size of the grape seed. This type of hemorrhoids can often be returned to the anus by pressing the finger.

2. External hemorrhoids
This type of hemorrhoids is usually found outside of the opened anus, and is mainly associated with symptoms such as swelling or annoying outburst, and sometimes leads to irritation. Influence and discomfort may occur alternately. External hemorrhoids also can not be completely cleaned after an anesthetic.

External hemorrhoids sometimes can lead to a clot in your bloodstream (thrombosis), which usually occurs after a period of diarrhea or constipation. In this case, a sudden, painful swelling arises, or the mass is created around the anus. Many patients have both types of hemorrhoids, both internal and external.

Hemorrhoid is one of the major problems. People who do not use enough fiber in their diet and do not exercise enough are prone to hemorrhoids, which can lead to consistent constipation and pressure to be repaired.

 

What are the symptoms of hemorrhoids?
Seeing clear blood on toilet paper after bowel movements, especially when the stool is very hard to pass. Blood may cover only the level of the stool, or it will color the washbasin water.
In the internal hemorrhoids, a soft mass, like grape seed, emerges from the anus that may be removed from the mucosa.
In the external hemorrhoids, there is a sad disorientation, and difficulty in keeping the area around the anus clean.
External hemorrhoids may also lead to intermittent swelling, burning and mild discomfort, especially after a period of diarrhea or constipation.
In a thrombosis caused by external hemorrhoids, a painful swelling or stiff outflow occurs suddenly at the anterior margin. This outburst may be blue or violet. It may also come from the blood. Pain is not common in hemorrhoids (except in the presence of thrombosis in external hemorrhoids)

Hemorrhoid detection methods
Like many anal and rectal problems, doctors examine the anal area by examining the anal environment, sensing the inside of the anus with a gloved finger, and with a small scan (anoscope) of the anal canal. If there is a rectal bleeding, it is essential for the doctor to check for other causes of bleeding like colon cancer. These surveys are usually performed using a flexible flexible telescope (colonoscopy or flexible sigmooscopy).

Course of disease
The peak period of hemorrhoids (swelling, burning and upsetting) is usually short and over the course of several days, most of the symptoms disappear. In pregnant women, the symptoms of hemorrhoids usually improve quickly or disappear after the baby's birth. Alternating and partial hemorrhoidal bleeding may take months or years. Painful swelling caused by external hemorrhoids thrombosis usually resolves within a few days to several weeks.

Preventing Hemorrhoids
You can often prevent hemorrhoids by preventing constipation. In the following, some dietary and lifestyle changes have been introduced that can be used to soften the stool, to repatriate it and prevent the pressure on the abdomen that results in hemorrhoids.

Add more fiber to your diet: Take about 25-30 grams of fiber daily to consume, fiber rich foods include beans, broccoli, carrots, bran, and all fresh cereals and fruits. Many people use fiber powder such as Psyllium Metamucil or Citrucel Methyl Cellulose, which is also sold without a prescription.
Drink plenty of fluids: For most healthy adults, this amount is 6 to 8 glasses a day.
Exercise regularly: A quick 20-minute walk can stimulate your intestine for regular operation.
Train your cookie so that you can get rid of it. Set up a specific time to use the bathroom almost every day. Usually the best time is after eating. Do not spend too long in the bathroom (this will lead to swelling and expulsion of the hemorrhoids).
Answer your urgent need to go to the bathroom: Do not delay going to the bathroom until the appropriate time is reached.
Hemorrhoid treatment
If you suffer from swollen and distressed hemorrhoids, try the following:

Use fiber powder to make the stool soften.
Use a warm bath, especially when the hemorrhoid is annoying. Sit 3 to 4 times a day, and sit 15 to 20 minutes each time on a warm water container. The water clears the area and the heat of it eliminates inflammation and discomfort. After each bath, completely dry the rectal area. If you work, you can use it in the morning, after returning from work and at night before bed.
Use a cold or frosty or cold-blooded pad for the rectal area.
Put oil gels or aloe vera in the anus, or hemorrhoid medications containing lydo

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References:

  1. https://www.drugs.com/health-guide/hemorrhoids.html

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Mahtab Eivazi

Mahtab Eivazi

کارشناس ارشد میکروبیولوژی از دانشگاه تهران
بورسیه دکتری ایمونولوژی از دانشگاه ملبورن
از جمله اهدافم، افزایش آگاهی و دانش مردم سرزمینم می‌باشد.

I have received the bachelor and master degree in microbiology at the University of Tehran.
I have been offered the Melbourne Research Scholarship for the PhD program in immunology.
Raising awareness among my people is my goal.