What is autism?

Review of Autism Disease
Autism is a complex neuro-behavioral condition that includes disorders in social relationships, the use of verbal skills, and other communication with the surrounding environment, and it shows itself as having cloning or difficult speaking behaviors. Since autism has different symptoms in people, it is called autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This wide range of symptoms includes skill levels and various levels of disorders. Autism spectrum disorders may include limited motor-behavioral disorders and severe disabilities that require these people to be cared for and maintained in rehabilitation centers.

As mentioned above, the level of disorder of people with autism is different, but in general these people face difficulties in skills such as dragging, writing, music making, problem solving, or memorization. The level of these disorders is characterized by mild, moderate and severe sensitivity tests.

Children with autism disorders are having difficulty communicating with their surroundings. For example, they can not figure out how people think or feel about the particular subject. This makes them unable to express their thoughts and feelings, either through the word or through outward behaviors such as smiling, froze, and so forth.

What are the characteristics of children with autism?
A child with autistic dysfunction is very sensitive and may easily be in trouble, for example, banal matters such as sounds, smells, looks, and touches that may appear to be very common to other people are fearful and sometimes It even causes pain in these people.

An autistic child may show repetitive and clustering movements, such as walking, goalless walking, or knocking by hand. Also, they may show abnormal reactions to people, objects, and conditions, including hanging on a particular device, resisting changes in your normal life, or developing aggressive behaviors and self-harm.

However, sometimes these people may not pay attention to the environment around them, people, things and things. Autistic people may also occasionally develop seizures, but it should be noted that in some cases seizure may not be observed until adulthood.

Symptoms of autism disorder usually show the first three months of life. Some children develop symptoms at birth. Others develop in the first few months of life, but after 18 to 36 months, autism symptoms may suddenly develop in these children.

It should be noted that autism disorder in boys is four times that of girls.

What causes autism disorder?
In general, autism has nothing to do with a particular race or lifestyle, but researchers believe that the combination of certain genes may cause the birth of a child with autism disorder.

There are also factors that increase the likelihood of a child's birth autism. For example, in older women and men who have become infants, the likelihood of having a child with autism is higher. Mothers who take certain chemicals or certain drugs during pregnancy can increase the risk of autistic dysfunction in their children, including alcohol. Or if your mother has diabetes or obesity during her pregnancy, or he / she can take anti-convulsant drugs, it can increase the likelihood of developing this disorder in her baby.

In general, the main cause of autism dysfunction is not known in individuals. But researchers believe that the creation of certain abnormalities in certain parts of the brain that relates to the emotions and the process of learning the language and the use of this skill to speak is involved in the development of autism disorder.

References:

  1. https://www.webmd.com/brain/autism/understanding-autism-basics#1

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Sara Khani

Sara Khani

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