Causes, symptoms and treatment of gastrointestinal ulcers

Gastrointestinal ulcers are three types:

Stomach ulcers: Wounds that develop in the stomach
Esophageal ulcers: Wounds that occur in the esophagus
Duodenal ulcer: Wounds that occur in the lower part of the small intestine
Causes of digestive ulcers:
Various factors can destroy the inner lining of the stomach, esophagus and duodenum, including:

The bacteria of the pylori, causing infection and gastritis.
Repeated use of aspirin, ibuprofen and other anti-inflammatory drugs
smoking
Excessive alcohol consumption
Radiotherapy
gastric cancer
Symptoms of gastrointestinal ulcers:
The most common symptoms of gastric ulcer is abdominal pain, which starts from the navel and extends to the chest and is mild to severe. In some cases, this pain may wake you up at night. Small gastrointestinal ulcers may not have symptoms in the early stages.

Other common symptoms of gastrointestinal tract include appetite, nausea, dark stool or blood in the stool, indigestion, unexpected weight loss, vomiting, chest pain

Diagnostic tests for gastrointestinal ulcers:
endoscopy:

In this experiment, the physician's tubular tube, which is not in the camera, enters the stomach and intestine through the throat to examine the wounds of these areas. This tool allows the physician to sample the ulcers. Each digestive tract does not require endoscopy. However, this method is recommended for people who are at high risk for gastric cancer, that is, people over the age of 45 and those who have anemia, gastrointestinal bleeding, and difficulty swallowing and have been underweight.

Upper gastrointestinal series (upper GI):

If you have no problem with swallowing and your stomach cancer risk is low, your doctor may suggest an upper GI test. In this experiment, you will eat a thick liquid called barium (swallow barium). Then you are taken from the stomach, esophagus, and small intestines with X-rays. This fluid allows the patient to view and treat gastrointestinal ulcers.

Treating gastrointestinal ulcers:
Treatment is different depending on the wound. If your tests show that you have Helicobacter pylori infection, your doctor will prescribe you a medication. You should take these medications for up to 2 weeks. These drugs include antibiotics that kill the infection and proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) that reduce stomach acid. You may experience mild side effects such as diarrhea or stomach upset with antibiotics. Ask your doctor for help if you get too much of this and gradually get worse. If your doctor finds you have a Helicobacter pylori infection, you will prescribe proton pump inhibitors such as omeprazole or lansoprazole to help reduce stomach acid and help improve gastrointestinal ulceration. Acid-lowering drugs such as ranitidine or famotidine can also reduce gastric acid and gastrointestinal pain. Low dosages of these medications can be obtained from pharmacies without a prescription. Your doctor may prescribe sucralfate. This drug covers the stomach and relieves symptoms of digestive ulcers.

Problems with digestive wounds:
If gastric ulcers are not treated, it gradually worsens and may lead to more serious problems, including:

Perforation: The stomach or small intestine is pierced and the infection is created. The sign of perforation is severe and sudden pain.
Internal bleeding: Bleeding from the wounds may result in a significant reduction in the body's blood pressure and need to be admitted to the hospital. Symptoms of bleeding from gastrointestinal ulcer include dizziness, confusion and stinginess and black stools.
Scar tissue: Oscar is a thick tissue that seeks damage. This tissue makes it difficult to get food from the gastrointestinal tract. Symptoms of scar tissue include vomiting and weight loss.
All of the above are dangerous and require surgery.

If you have the following symptoms, you need urgent medical attention:
Abnormal pain
Fainting, severe sweating, dizziness. These three are signs of shock.
Blood in the stool or blood vomiting
Painful touch of the abdomen
The pain that worsens with movement and gets better when it stops and stops.
With proper treatment, most gastrointestinal ulcers are treated, but if you continue to use the medication at the early stages of the disease, or continue to use alcohol, cigarette and non-steroidal analgesic pain during treatment, your patient may not be treated. Some gastrointestinal ulcers called resilient wounds do not improve with treatment. If your gastrointestinal ulcer does not improve with early therapies, it shows that:

The production of gastric acid is high.
There is another bacterium other than helicobacter pylori in the stomach
There is another illness, such as stomach cancer or Crohn's disease.
Your doctor may suggest different treatments or more tests. These tests help the doctor to ensure that no other digestive and gastric cancer are present.

References:

  1. https://www.healthline.com/health/peptic-ulcer

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Iman Hojati

Iman Hojati

هرچند در دانشگاه صنعتی اصفهان تحصیل کرده ام، ولی معتقد هستم که داشتن تحصیلات دانشگاهی تنها راه کسب علم و رسیدن به موفقیت نیست، بلکه فقط یکی از هزاران راه است. از تجربه کردن چیزهای جدید لذت می برم و سعی میکنم تک بعدی نباشم.

Although I've studied at Isfahan University of Technology, I believe that having academic education is NOT the only way of gaining knowledge and reaching to success, but just one of thousands. I enjoy trying new things much and try not to be one-dimensional person.