Learn more about asthma
Asthma is a chronic and inflammatory disease that causes narrowing of the respiratory tract and blocks the respiratory tract. Unfortunately, the disease is intensifying in the winter, and there is currently no definitive treatment for it. But there are ways to manage this disease that reduces its symptoms.
Symptoms of asthma
Shortness of breath
Inability to do daily activities
Types of asthma
Asthma is three types:
Asthma is more dangerous in children. Especially in winter, you should be careful about children, because a serious cold can also be a cause of asthma, if not properly treated. Always try to keep the children away from smoke and air pollutants. Childhood asthma may be treated in childhood.
Asthma in adults is often not treated and is permanent. It usually occurs in people over 65 years of age. These people can reduce their symptoms by managing their lifestyle.
This type of asthma occurs in response to allergens that occurs only at certain times. Like cold weather in the winter or pollination in the spring. People with asthma do not experience these symptoms during other seasons.
Why does cold weather increase the risk of asthma symptoms or asthma attacks?
The cold or humid air enters the body through airways and causes the body to spasm. This spasm causes coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath and shortness of breath in the chest. Many cold and flu viruses make asthma symptoms worse.
The Role of Environmental Factors in Raising Asthma Symptoms
You know that air pollution plays a direct role in exacerbating asthma. Allergic reactions and symptoms of asthma are often due to air pollution inside the mold or harmful gases of household cleaners and dyes. Other factors of asthma in the home and in the environment include:
Releasing too much ozone in the cold causes coughing, weakness and even chest pain. These same conditions result in the emission of sulfur dioxide, which also leads to asthma attacks by limiting airways. Climate change may trigger attacks. The cold weather can block the airways and increase the discharge and mucus. Humidity may lead to respiratory problems for the population in some areas.
Asthma diagnostic methods
1- Medical History
A family history of asthma and allergies can help diagnose a doctor.
2. Physical tests
The physical examination generally focuses on the upper respiratory tract, the chest, and the skin. Your doctor will ask you to take a deep breath or whistle for a whistle examination, in the meantime, to check your chest, your breathing chest and time.
3. Respiratory tests, spirometry testing
A spirometric test examines the function of the lung. Using a spirometric device, measure lung volume. In addition to measuring lung volume, it can measure its capacity. The air entering the device through the lung is thoroughly investigated.
Asthma Therapy, Long Term Control Medications
Many people with asthma should be exposed to long-term medications, even if they have no symptoms. There are several types of long-term control medications that include:
These anti-inflammatory drugs are the most effective and commonly used long-term medication for asthma. They reduce swelling and stiffness in their airways. You may need to use this medication for a few months. Inhaled corticosteroids include:
Fluticasone - Flovent HFA
Buconoid (Pulmicort Flexhaler)
Mometzone (Asmanex Twisthaler)
Bactomethazone (Qvar RediHaler)
These drugs will stop the effects of leukotrienes, the chemical effects of the immune system that cause asthma symptoms. Lukotaric modifiers prevent asthma symptoms for up to 24 hours. These medications are:
Zafirlukast - Accolate
Beta receptor agonists
These drugs have long effects and open airways. These drugs include:
How can you reduce the effects of winter on your asthma?
Use the intake or air purifier in the winter.
Do not leave the house in winter and be sure to use filter masks.
Balm the humidity.
Try to remove dust from the house.
Cover your mouth and nose in cold weather. Because the cold and dry air intensifies asthma.