What is Vitiligo or pigment production disorder?

What is Vitiligo or pigment production disorder?
A disease in which the skin loses its color. In this disease, melanocytes that make up the pigmentation of the skin are degraded, resulting in white spots on the skin. Color loss is unpredictable. Piss can affect your whole body. It spreads even up to the mouth and head hair. There is no specific treatment for piss so far, but you can stop it.

What are pc symptoms
The main symptom of the pussy is the loss of skin color. Usually the color changes in the sunny areas, such as the hands, feet, arms, face and lips. The following symptoms are:

Loss of skin color
Early bleeding or excessive hair on the scalp, eyelashes, eyebrows and beards
Loss of color in the tissues inside your mouth and nose (mucous membrane)
Loss or change the color of the inner layer of the eye (retina)
Pacey may start at any age, but it often happens before the age of 20.

 

The reason for the emergence of Pace
The pixel occurs when the pigment producing cells (melanocytes) die or their production stops and the skin gradually becomes white. Unfortunately, doctors still do not understand the cause of it. But they think they may be related to a disorder in which the immune system is destroying the melanocytes of the skin.

Pace can be inherited. Sunburn, stress, or exposure to industrial chemicals also disrupt skin pigmentation.

Side effects of PTSD
People with PCI may be at increased risk. These risks are:

Social or mental disorder
Skin Cancer
Eye problems, such as inflammation of the iris and eye corneal swelling
Hearing loss
Path detection methods
1- Medical History
If your doctor suspects PCOS, you will be asked about your medical history and will investigate it. She uses a special light bulb to illuminate ultraviolet light on the skin to determine if you have pussy or not.

 

2- Skin biopsy
In addition to collecting your personal and family medical history, your doctor may take a sample of your skin with a biopsy needle and send it to the lab. This is because of your immune system and your anemia.

PTS treatments
There are many treatments to help restore skin color. The results are different and unpredictable. Some treatments have serious side effects. Therefore, the doctor may suggest that you first improve your skin using herbal products or makeup.

In the case of pharmaceutical and medical treatments, note this process may take several months to see the effect slightly. Even if the treatment is successful for a while, these symptoms may recur and return to their first condition.

 

1- Medical drugs
So far, no pills have been treated 100%. But the following methods can help you improve it a little.

Light therapy (ultraviolet light)
Anti-inflammatory cream corticosteroid
Ointment contains Tacrolimus or Pemcrolimus (calcineurin inhibitors) that affects the immune system.
In the case of light therapy, physicians have recommended that they be taken in certain circumstances because they increase the risk of skin cancer. Side effects can include redness, swelling, itching and skin and dryness. After these treatments it is best not to sit under sunlight. The treatments that will be carried out in the future for this disease include:

Afamelanotide: This medication will be used to stimulate skin melanocytes.
Prostaglandin gel: To restore melanocytes of the skin.
Tofacitinib: An oral medication that is commonly used to treat rheumatoid arthritis appears to be useful for PCI too.
You can also use the following to prevent PC spreading:

Use of sunscreen and cream
Wear garments and linen to protect against sun rays
2. Surgery
If light therapy does not work, surgery and transplantation can be the last resort. The potential risks of this surgery may include infections, ulcers, redness and skin disability in the reconstruction.

3- Home treatments
Studies show that Ginkgo biloba can treat somewhat pussy. A lot of research has also shown that alpha-lipoic acid, folic acid, vitamin C, and vitamin B-12, in addition to phototherapy, may be useful in treating psi. In this regard, eating and taking topical food intake is also important in preventing the spread of pits:

Honey and Ginger (topical and edible)
Turmeric and coconut oil (topical)
Use of green vegetables such as lettuce and leaf cabbage and red cabbage (edible)
Carrot (Edible)
Taking vitamin E tablets
Zink
B complex vitamins

References:

  1. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/vitiligo/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20355916

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Masoome Rahi

Masoome Rahi

معصومه راهی هستم،کارشناس مترجمی زبان انگلیسی،مدت ۴ سال سابقه ترجمه دارم و اعتقاد دارم تنها راه رسیدن به موفقیت انجام کاریست که بهش علاقه داری

I m masoomeh rahi and im bachelors degree in english translation.i translated in 4 years and i believe that the only way to success is to love what to do