What is seasonal depression and how to treat it

Seasonal depression is a kind of depression that comes with changing seasons. It usually starts late in autumn and early winter and disappears during spring and summer! This type of depression usually affects people every year at one and the same time. Depression and mood changes in the summer and spring can occur, but less common in depression in the winter and autumn seasons.

Symptoms of Seasonal Depression (SAD)
Symptoms and symptoms of seasonal depression are usually similar to those of other types of depression. Sometimes it's difficult to say a person with seasonal depression or other types of depression!

Signs and symptoms common in severe and general depression
Feeling depressed at most hours of the day and almost every day
Feeling desperate and unprofitable
Low energy level
Feeling unconscious about the past activities you enjoyed doing
Having sleeping problems
Change in appetite and weight changes
Feeling laziness and laziness and turmoil
The problem of decentralization
Frequent thoughts about death or suicide
Signs and symptoms of winter depression
Low energy level (low energy)
Sleep too
Overeating
Obesity and overweight
Tendency to carbohydrates
Isolation and listening
Symptoms of low summer depression
Low appetite with weight loss
insomnia
Turmoil and turmoil
Restlessness
Anxiety and anxiety
Corners of Violent Behavior
Cases that may increase the risk of seasonal depression
Being female: Seasonal depression in women is about four times that of men, of which five are four.
Life away from the equator: Seasonal depression occurs more often in people who live far from the equator in the north or south. For example, 1% of people living in Florida and 9% of people living in New England or Alaska come from this type Suffer from depression. The farther you get the chance.
Family history: The risk of seasonal depression in people with a history of other types of depression in their family is higher than those who have no family history of depression.
Having bipolar disorder or depression: Symptoms of seasonal depression may increase with any of these problems.
Older ages: Younger adults are more likely to experience seasonal depression than older adults. The first seasonal depression usually occurs between the ages of 30 and 20, with depression reported even in children and adolescents.
The causes of seasonal depression are unknown. But studies and research have found some biological clues for it. For example, people with seasonal mood changes (seasonal depression) may have problems with one of the key neurotransmitters involved in the mood (serotonin). Research shows that people with seasonal depression have 5% more serotonin-carrying protein in the winter than summer months. The greater the amount of serotonin-bearing proteins retains a lower serotonin level at the site of the twin nerve (synapse). Serotonin is called the Hormone of Happiness, and its reduction reduces the risk of depression.

People with seasonal depression produce more melatonin hormone. The darkness and shortening of sun exposure increases the production of melatonin hormone responsible for drowsiness. It's slow that the winter days are getting worse, melatonin production increases. People with seasonal depression are more likely to feel sleepy and sluggish.

Also, people with diabetes may produce less vitamin D. It is believed that vitamin D plays an important role in serotonin activity. Vitamin D deficiency may be associated with clinical signs of depression.

Treatment and treatment
There are 4 main ways to treat seasonal depression, these methods may be used alone or in combination:

Drug therapy
Light Therapy
Psychotherapy
Prescribing Vitamin D
1- Drug therapy
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIS) are used to treat seasonal depression. The World Food and Drug Administration also confirmed the use of bupropion, another type of antidepressant, to treat this type of depression. Like other drugs, SSRIS also has side effects. Talk to your doctor about the risks and possible side effects of this drug. You may need to test several antidepressants before finding a medicine that does not improve your symptoms without any adverse and potentially harmful side effects.

2- Light therapy
Light therapy has been the basis for the treatment of seasonal depression (SAD) since 1980. The idea behind light therapy is to replace the artificial and artificial light daily with the light of the fall and winter months. Symptoms and Symptoms Seasonal depression may be relieved by sitting on a daily basis in front of a box of light.

3. Psychotherapy
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is a type of psychotherapy effective on seasonal depression. Traditional cognitive behavioral therapy has undergone a transformation for the treatment of seasonal depression (CBT-SAD). This psychotherapy approach relies on the techniques of cognitive behavior therapy, such as identifying negative thoughts and replacing them with more positive thoughts through behavioral activation techniques. The activation technique wants to help the person identify and learn interesting and enjoyable activities both inside and outside the house to better deal with the winter.

4. Vitamin D
Today, vitamin D supplements alone are not considered as effective treatment for seasonal depression. The reason why this vitamin is used is that the level of vitamin D in people with this depression is low. This is a low level of vitamin A than the wrong diet or fat

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References:

  1. www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/seasonal-affective-disorder/index.shtml
  2. www.mentalhealthamerica.net/condition/sad

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Zohre Dabagh

Zohre Dabagh

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