Does prolapse or mitral valve droop can cause sudden death?

What is the mitral valve prolapse disease or mitral valve prolapse?
This condition occurs when the mitral valve sockets are located between the atrium and the left ventricle, causing unilateral opening of the valve, which, with every pulse of the heart, is more likely to bend into the atrium. These conditions sometimes cause valve leakage and rejection of blood from the ventricle to the left atrium. In most people, these conditions are not life-threatening and do not require treatment or change in lifestyle. However, some will need treatment.


Although the mitral valve prolapse is usually a disorder for a lifetime, many people with this disease never show signs of it. Some people sometimes know about the disease.

When symptoms occur, the blood is reversed and the chance of failure may be present. The symptoms of mitral valve prolapse can vary widely from one person to another. They are often mild and gradually expanding. Symptoms may include:

Fast or irregular heartbeat (arrhythmias)
Feeling lightheadedness or dizziness
Shortness of breath or difficulty in breathing, often when lying back or during physical activity
Chest pain that is not caused by a heart attack or coronary artery disease.
Risk factors
The mitral valve prolapse can be created in any person of any age. Severe symptoms of mitral valve prolapse are commonly seen in men older than 50 years of age. The mitral valve prolapse can exist in families and may be related to several other conditions, such as:

Marfan syndrome
Ehlrz-Danlos syndrome
Abdominal disorder
Muscular dystrophy
Graves disease

side effects
Although most people with mitral valve prolapse have no problems, however, some people may have side effects. These complications may include:

Mitral valve failure
Mitral valve failure Most commonly due to insufficient ventilation, the blood returns to the left atrium. Male or high blood pressure increases this chance. If there is too much dyspnea, there will be a possibility of valve replacement surgery or other measures to prevent heart failure.

Cardiac rhythm problems (arrhythmias)
Irregular heart rhythms often occur in the upper cavity of the heart. They may be unpleasant, but they usually do not pose a threat to life. People with severe mitral valve defects or severe mitral valve curvature are at risk for rhythm problems that can affect the blood flow of the heart.

Heart infection (endocarditis)
The inside of the heart is covered by a thin membrane called endocardium. Endocarditis is an infection of this inner lining. The incidence of endocarditis by a bacterium in an abnormal mitral valve can greatly increase the damage to the mitral valve. People at risk for endocarditis may be treated with antibiotics before taking some dental and medical measures to reduce the risk of infection.

The cardiologist can detect this condition at any age to identify a typical clinical examination or, if needed, echocardiogram tests to check for cardiac cavity or ECG.


Some patients will not need to use the drug due to their symptoms, and some will need to take special medical equipment, physical activity, or diet based on their prescriptions to avoid complicated conditions. Some patients are very worried about their condition, whether there is a possibility of a heart attack or sudden death in them. Doctors can help with better management of the situation by providing very extensive information. It's better to know that there is a possibility of sudden death, but not probable, and it will only happen in the face of complex circumstances.

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Fatemeh Ghorbani

Fatemeh Ghorbani

فاطمه قربانی هستم، لیسانس ژنتیک، به علوم نوین پزشکی و ایمونولوژی علاقمندم. از شما دوست گرامی بخاطر مطالعه این مقاله و همچنین مجموعه تریتا بخاطر فرصت انتشار مطالبم در راستای کمک به ارتقای دانش کمال تشکر دارم. شاد باشید و سلامت

my name is Fatemeh Ghorbani, I have a B.S in genetics and interested in immunology and medical science. I believe that, even into the smallest acts, should be put our heart, mind and soul. Thank you for reading my article