What you need to know about depression (symptoms, causes, and treatments)

Depression is a term that we hear from the third millennium, from here and there, a disease that, at the same time as all the advances in technology and other dimensions, are not only not reduced in human societies, but unfortunately, for various reasons, we see an increase in the incidence It's in humans. This article focuses on depression and related issues. We will try to give a brief explanation about the cause of depression first and then discuss the symptoms, causes, and ways of treating depression.

What is depression?
Depression is categorized as a disease and mental disorder, indicating the presence of grief, grief, anger, and rage in the daily activities of the patient. One in every 20 Americans is said to have depression. People who have depression are less likely to suffer from depression because they have a feeling of sadness and annoyance during the day, and they are forced to tolerate things that will be referred to as symptoms of depression.

Symptoms of depression
Before we deal with symptoms of depression, it is worth pointing out that in a type of division, depression is divided into two types of major and chronic dysthymia. Major depression has symptoms such as unworthiness, sadness and chronic and chronic despair. In general, if 5 of the following symptoms are seen in a person for two weeks, the likelihood of that person having major depression is high:

Feel sadness in most minutes of the day
Lose interest in doing daily activities
Reduce or significantly increase weight
Sleep problems (excessive sleep or low sleep or bad sleep)
Feeling tired in most cases
Feeling unprofitable or guilty
Loss of focus
Thought for suicide and death
Another type of depression is milder and weaker than major depression, but it is persistent and chronic and can interfere with daily activities. This depression, called Dystymia, has the following symptoms:

Lose interest in doing daily activities
Feeling frustrated
Low self esteem
Causes of depression
One can not say with certainty the cause of depression, but there are a few cases that can be cited as possible causes of depression. For example, some people get depression due to their genetics. If there is someone in his family who has had depression, the likelihood that the person will develop depression will not be low. There is another cause of childhood injury. It can also lead to adult depression in adulthood.

Other possible causes are:

The structure of the brain (the risk of depression will be high if the lobe of the brain's forehead is less active).
Medical conditions (such as chronic diseases, insomnia, chronic pain and ...)
History of drug and alcohol use
Some medications
Stressful events (such as the death of loved ones, emotional failure, economic failure, etc.)
Many people with depression do not have a significant cause for depression.

depression treatment
Treating depression is difficult, but not impossible. Life with depression is hard and punishing, and therefore it should not be left to it and not thought about its treatment. The bad news is that depression, if not treated, is likely to be worse and more severe. The best treatment for depression will be recognized by a psychologist or psychiatrist, but in most cases combining depression medications with lifestyle modifications can be appropriate therapies.

The administration of anti-anxiety and anti-depressant drugs is commonplace by psychiatrists. These drugs include lithium, fluoxetine, fluvoxamine, decapin, bupropion, benzodiazepines, and triangular antidepressants. Note that the diagnosis and prescription of antidepressants is strictly for the physician and the patient should not arbitrarily use antidepressants.

In addition to drug use, the following are also used to treat depression:

Psychotherapy:
By talking to the patient, the psychotherapist can learn how to deal with negative emotions and other things that can be helpful in coping with depression.

Light Therapy
Exposure to white light is one of the treatments that are prescribed for depression, especially seasonal depression.

Alternative treatments
The patient can also ask the doctor about meditation, acupuncture, or taking some herbs to check if they are approved by the doctor to treat depression.

Sport
30 minutes of exercise three or five days a week can release the endorphin hormone in the body. Endorphins are one of the hormones that improve the mental state.

Avoid alcohol and drugs
Drinking alcohol and drug use may make you feel good in the short term, but in the long run, you can aggravate depression.

Shock
Sometimes depression does not respond to drug use and other therapies are not beneficial, in which case the doctor will prescribe the use of shock.

References:

  1. https://www.healthline.com/health/depression?ref=global#treatment

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Arash Shamsi

Arash Shamsi

آرش شمسی هستم. فلسفه می‌خوانم و می‌نویسم‌. ولی پیش از هر فلسفیدنی، بر سلامت می‌بایست متمرکز بود. چه آن‌که به قول شوپنهاور: «یک شاه بیمار از یک گدای سالم بدبخت‌تر است». امیدوارم آن‌چه که ترجمه می‌کنم، به کارتان بیاید.

I'm Arash Shamsi. A Writer. I write philosophy and live with philosophers. But health is more important than philosophy. In here, I translate the best articles about health, fitness and etc.