Acute sinusitis or acute rhinosinusitis can cause swelling in the cavities or sinuses around your nasal airways. With acute sinusitis, it may be difficult to breathe out of the nose. The area around your eyes and face may have swelling and may have a throbbing pain or headache.
Acute sinusitis is often caused by a cold. Except for cases of bacterial infection, most cases resolve within one week to 10 days. In most cases, home remedies are sufficient to treat acute sinusitis. However, persistent sinusitis can lead to serious infections and other complications. Sinusitis, which lasts more than 12 weeks despite medical treatment, is called chronic sinusitis.
Signs of sinusitis
Drain thoracic, yellow or greenish discharge from the nose or down the back of the throat.
Nasal congestion or nasal congestion causes breathing problems in your nose.
Pain, swelling and pressure around the eyes, cheeks, nose or forehead that worsens when you bend.
Other symptoms and symptoms include:
Pain in the upper jaw and teeth
Reduce the sense of smell and taste
Coughing, which may worsen at night
Bad breath (halitosis)
When should I go to a doctor?
Most people with sinusitis do not need to go to a doctor. Call your doctor if you have one of the following:
Symptoms that do not improve or get worse within a few days
A history of repeated or chronic sinusitis
Causes of sinusitis
Acute sinusitis is often caused by a cold that is a viral infection. In some cases, it is caused by bacterial infection.
You may have a risk of sinusitis if you have one or more of the following:
Hay fever or an allergic disorder that affects your sinuses
There are abnormal nose pathologies, such as nasal septal deviation, nasal polyps, or tumors
Medical condition, such as cystic fibrosis or immune system disorders such as AIDS
Acute sinusitis is rare. But in case of occurrence, it may include:
Chronic sinusitis, if acute sinusitis is persistent, may cause a long-term problem known as chronic sinusitis. Chronic sinusitis lasts for more than 12 weeks.
Meningitis, this infection causes inflammation of the membrane and fluid of the brain and the spinal cord.
Rarely, some infections can spread to the bone (osteomyelitis) or skin (cellulitis).
Loss of whole or part of olfaction. Nasal congestion and inflammation of the olfactory nerve can cause temporary or permanent loss of sense of smell.
Problems with vision If the infection spreads to your eye bowel, it can reduce vision and even blindness that can be permanent.
Sinusitis prevention ways
Take these steps to reduce the risk of acute sinusitis:
Avoid upper respiratory tract infections. Minimize contact with people who have a common cold. Wash your hands regularly with soap and water, especially before meals.
Manage your allergy. Keep your symptoms in check with your doctor.
Avoid smoking and exposure to contaminated air. Smoke and other contaminants can stimulate your lungs and nasal passages.
Use a moisturizer. If the air is dry in your house, adding moisture to the air can help prevent sinusitis. Make sure the moisturizer is clean and free from contamination and is completely clean.
Sinusitis diagnosis by the doctor
Your doctor will check your face and nose sensation. Other methods that may be used to diagnose acute sinusitis and other conditions are:
A thin, flexible tube (endoscope) with the light of an optical fiber that enters your nose and allows your doctor to visually inspect your sinuses.
A CT scan or MRI can show the details of your sinuses and your area. While it is not recommended for intricate acute sinusitis, imaging studies may help detect abnormalities or complications.
Nasal and sinus cultures
Laboratory tests for the diagnosis of acute sinusitis are not necessary. However, when the treatment does not respond or worsens, tissue culture may help determine the cause, such as bacterial infection.
If your doctor suspects that allergy causes your acute sinusitis, he will recommend an allergic skin test. The skin test is safe and fast and can help identify allergens that are involved in this medical condition. Most cases of acute sinusitis, those caused by a viral infection, recover themselves. Self care techniques are usually just what you need to relieve the symptoms.
Treatment methods for the relief of sinusitis by the physician
Your doctor may recommend treatments to help reduce the symptoms of sinusitis, including:
Spray nasal saline
Spray this spray several times a day to nasal passage into your nose.
These nasal sprays help prevent and treat inflammation. Examples include:
Fluoticasone (Flonase, Veramyst)
Beconase AQ, Qnasl and others.
These drugs are available in the form of liquids, pills, nasal spray, over-the-counter (OTC) prescriptions. Use your nostrils for just a few days. Otherwise, they may cause severe congestion (rebound congestion).
Such as aspirin, acetaminophen (Tylenol, others) or ibuprofen (Advi