What is rheumatoid arthritis or joint rheumatoid arthritis and how does it cause anemia?

Anemia is a disease that reduces the number of red blood cells and insufficient levels of hemoglobin, the oxygen carrier carrier protein. Anemia can lead to symptoms that sometimes indicate fatigue and weakness in people with rheumatoid arthritis, but there are some therapies to help reduce the symptoms of anemia.

How are rheumatoid arthritis and anemia associated?
Cold hands can be signs of anemia. According to some estimates, 30-70% of people with rheumatoid arthritis have anemia. Different types of anemia can affect the lives of people with rheumatoid arthritis. These types include:

Anemia caused by a chronic disease

This condition occurs in people with inflammatory disorder. The body may not produce enough red blood cells, or red blood cells to levels that should not last a lifetime.

2- Hemolytic anemia

This condition occurs when the body destroys the blood cells. This degradation can occur in immune and infectious disorders, or as a reaction to certain drugs.

Anemia caused by iron deficiency

This kind of anemia develops when the body does not have enough iron to produce red blood cells. Sometimes this is due to lack of iron in the diet, because the body can not absorb enough iron.

4. Megaloblastic anemia

This anemia causes red blood cells to grow excessively. These enlarged red blood cells may not be able to deliver effective oxygen to the healthy blood red blood cells. It is possible that some individuals will have a combination of chronic anemia and iron deficiency anemia.

Rheumatoid arthritis may cause anemia due to various conditions. A potential agent is the medicine used by people to treat rheumatoid arthritis, which can include steroids or methotrexate. These drugs can cause lesions in the intestinal membrane. This damage can make the body less digestible in iron, which can lead to anemia.

Some people with rheumatoid arthritis may take medications to suppress the immune system, such as azathioprine or cyclophosphamide. Side effects of this type of medicine reduce the production of bone marrow and the bone marrow generates red blood cells.

Rheumatoid arthritis may also reduce the life span of red blood cells. If the body is not able to produce enough new red blood cells, it may lead to anemia.

Signs of anemia
When a person with moderate-type anemia may have a normal feel. However, if the number of their blood cells starts to decrease, it will decrease the ability to carry oxygen in the body, which may have some of the symptoms mentioned below.

Examples of anemia symptoms include:

Change in heart rhythm, such as slow or fast heart beat
Cold hands and feet
Dizziness
Fatigue
hair loss
Headache
Shortness of breath
Weakness
A person with rheumatoid arthritis may think that the symptoms of anemia are due to their arthritis. In particular, both of these conditions can cause fatigue and weakness. A form of anemia, of course, can appear as a nodule in the joints of rheumatoid arthritis.

 


How is anemia associated with rheumatoid arthritis diagnosed?
To start diagnosis, the doctor takes a person's medical history and asks questions about the symptoms. The doctor also prescribes tests for measuring some of the blood in the blood, as well as measuring hemoglobin levels and red blood cells and other substances, including:

Iron my head
Ferritin
folic acid
Vitamin B-12
This information can help your doctor understand the cause of anemia and the type of anemia.

Treatment of anemia associated with rheumatoid arthritis
The treatment of anemia associated with rheumatoid arthritis or joint rheumatoid arthritis depends on its cause. Using the medicine, you can manage symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis, which often initiate anemia. Examples of these include anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) or steroids such as prednisone.

DMARDs can reduce inflammation in people with rheumatoid arthritis. Reducing inflammatory responses may reduce the symptoms of chronic anemia. If you have an iron deficiency anemia, your doctor may recommend iron supplements. For megaloblastic anemia, folic acid and vitamin B-12 are effective treatments.

For some people with rheumatoid arthritis, doctors can recommend a drug called EPAR for the treatment of anemia. EPO is similar to erythropoietin, a natural hormone that stimulates the production of red blood cells.

In some cases, changes in rheumatoid arthritis may be necessary. People should never stop taking medication arbitrarily, but your doctor may recommend modifying drugs that are less likely to develop anemia.

While anemia may occur alongside or coincide with rheumatoid arthritis, doctors can prescribe a number of treatments to improve the level of red blood cells.

Natural remedies
Treatment for moderate to severe anemia can help a person with rheumatoid arthritis to gain more energy and prevent other symptoms of anemia. Of course, there are some natural treatments that can help improve the person's rheumatic conditions, as well as help to improve the condition of the anemia. They include cinnamon, ginger, black pepper, green tea,

References:

  1. https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/322934.php
  2. https://www.rheumatoidarthritis.org/home-remedies/

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Fatemeh Ghorbani

Fatemeh Ghorbani

فاطمه قربانی هستم، لیسانس ژنتیک، به علوم نوین پزشکی و ایمونولوژی علاقمندم. از شما دوست گرامی بخاطر مطالعه این مقاله و همچنین مجموعه تریتا بخاطر فرصت انتشار مطالبم در راستای کمک به ارتقای دانش کمال تشکر دارم. شاد باشید و سلامت

my name is Fatemeh Ghorbani, I have a B.S in genetics and interested in immunology and medical science. I believe that, even into the smallest acts, should be put our heart, mind and soul. Thank you for reading my article