What is anemia and anemia and what are its different types?

Some types of anemia are inherited and associated with the person from the beginning of the birth. Women have a history of iron deficiency anemia because of menstrual bleeding and are prone to anemia during pregnancy because of increased need for blood.

Elderly people develop anemia due to dietary poverty or medical problems and as a result of drug use. There are several types of anemia that their symptoms and treatments are different. The most common type of anemia is iron deficiency anemia, which can be treated with dietary changes and iron supplements. Some anemia, such as mild anemia, develop under conditions like pregnancy, but are nonetheless considered normal. However, some anemia have life-long health problems.

What are the causes of anemia?
There are more than 400 types of anemia that are divided into three groups:

Anemia caused by bleeding
Anemia caused by reduced production or defective red blood cells
Anemia caused by the destruction of red blood cells
1. Anemia caused by bleeding:
This type of chronic bleeding is usually as follows:

Gastrointestinal conditions such as ulcers, hemorrhoids, gastritis (gastritis) and cancer
Use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as aspirin or ibuprofen that can cause ulcers and gastritis.
Menstruation, especially if your menstrual bleeding is too high.
2. Anemia due to reduced or defective production:
Anemia of sickle cells
This kind of anemia is inherited and the blood cells become crescent. This condition does not cause enough oxygen to the organs, and in some cases, due to the small amount of blood cells in the limb, they get stuck and cause pain. The disease is often seen in two-vein Africans.

Aplastic anemia or hypoplastic
This anemia results from the damage to bone marrow cells and the lack of sufficient amounts of new red blood cells. A birth with aplastic anemia means to inherit its defective gene from one parent or acquired. The acquired type is often temporary. Some of the factors that cause anemia include:

Autoimmune diseases such as lupus and rheumatoid arthritis
Chemicals such as pesticides, arsenic and benzene
Infections include hepatitis, Eusthenic Virus (EBV) and HIV
Radiation Therapy and Chemo Therapy for Cancer
Hereditary conditions such as Fanconi anemia, Schwarzene Diamond syndrome and Diamant Blackfan anemia can damage the cells and also cause aplastic anemia.
Read more:
How does rheumatoid arthritis or joint rheumatology cause anemia?

Symptoms of aplastic anemia can include anything such as shortness of breath and dizziness up to headache, pale skin, chest pain, rapid heartbeat (tachycardia), cold hands and feet.

One way to treat aplastic anemia is to have blood transfusion. Stem cell transplantation is also one of the treatments for aplastic anemia.

Syduroblastic anemia
In this type of disorder, the body can not use iron stores to make hemoglobin, a body that carries oxygen in the body. As a result of iron accumulation, abnormal blood cells are called cidroblast. There are two main types of seidoblast anemia:

Acquired seidoblastic anemia. Which can be caused by exposure to chemicals or certain drugs.
Hereditary Seidoblast Anemia. It happens when a gene mutation causes a disruption of normal hemoglobin production.
Symptoms of both types include:

Chest pain
Rapid heart rate or tachycardia
Headache
Breathing problem
Weakness and fatigue
The treatment of sebublast anemia depends on its cause. If anemia is acquired, it is necessary to prevent the use of chemicals or drugs that cause them. Other treatments include treatment with vitamin B6 supplements and bone marrow transplants or stem cell transplants.

Myelodysplastic syndromes
Syndromes (MDS) are diseases that are caused when the bone marrow is damaged and can not produce healthy blood cells. MDS is a type of cancer. Some people are born with an MDS generating gene. These genes are usually transmitted from the parent or both. In the event of inheritance of certain syndromes, such as Fanconi anemia, Schwichmann-Diamond syndrome, Diamond Bell's anemia, familial platelet disorder and severe congenital neutropenia, MDS is more likely to occur.

Few people get MDS after radiation therapy or chemotherapy for cancer. Another factor is exposure to chemicals such as benzene benzene found in cigarette smoke. Some people do not have symptoms of MDS, but others have symptoms such as:

Bruising or bleeding
Infection
Fever
Shortness of breath
Weakness and fatigue
Weight Loss
Cancer scientists treat the disease with chemotherapy, blood cell growth factors, and stem cell or bone marrow transplants.

Congenital Dysrhythmia (CDA) Anemia
CDA is a group of hereditary anemia that reduces the number of healthy blood cells in your body. All CDAs are passed through parents. There are three types of CDA, type 1, 2 and 3. Type 2 is more common and type 3 rare. Symptoms include chronic anemia, fatigue, skin jaundice, bloating, paleness and loss of fingers and legs at birth.

Some people never need treatment. However, depending on the severity of the illness, your doctor may recommend taking a blood transfusion, stem cell transplant or drugs to lower iron levels or interferon alfa2A, a drug commonly used to treat leukemia and melanoma.

Anemia of Diamond-Bellevan
This is an illness

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References:

  1. https://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/anemia-rare-types#1
  2. https://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/understanding-anemia-basics#1

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Fatemeh Ghorbani

Fatemeh Ghorbani

فاطمه قربانی هستم، لیسانس ژنتیک، به علوم نوین پزشکی و ایمونولوژی علاقمندم. از شما دوست گرامی بخاطر مطالعه این مقاله و همچنین مجموعه تریتا بخاطر فرصت انتشار مطالبم در راستای کمک به ارتقای دانش کمال تشکر دارم. شاد باشید و سلامت

my name is Fatemeh Ghorbani, I have a B.S in genetics and interested in immunology and medical science. I believe that, even into the smallest acts, should be put our heart, mind and soul. Thank you for reading my article